When confronted with an international child abduction, children feel frustrated about the lack of clear communication and a limited understanding of the situation. Additionally, children feel that their opinion is not always considered, even if they are being heard in the legal proceedings. An undesired outcome for the child leads to feelings of desperation and anxiety.

Facts about the topic

Prior to the project research found that:

  • Children complained about lack of understanding about the ongoing proceedings and their role within them.
  • Hearings were not age-appropriate (too childish for youngsters, too intimidating for children).
  • Children did not receive feedback on the actual result nor on the impact of their views and opinions on that decision.


This project aims to enhance the wellbeing of children at all stages of an international child abduction by providing guidelines and good practices to legal and other professionals.


In 2020 the INCLUDE project partners conducted:

  • Focus groups with youngsters: Exploring the views of youngsters in Cyprus and Hungary as to how children and young people in international child abduction proceedings should receive support from judges and other professionals.


In 2021 the INCLUDE project partners will:

  • Develop country reports on the outcomes of the focus group discussions.
  • Create good practice guides on child-friendly approaches of international child abduction cases.
  • Organise the final conference for legal and other professionals.


Legal Framework and Literature Study – Download

Country Report: Cyprus – Download

Country Report: Hungary – Download

Contact person

Hilde Demarré
Cross-Border Family Mediators’ Network Project Officer

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