An exploratory study of residential child abduction: An examination of offender, victim and offense characteristics
J Shelton, M Hilts, M MacKizer
Child abduction is every parent and community's worst nightmare. Specifically, a
child abducted from inside a residence can be a source of great panic and give the perception that the four walls of one's home offer little or no protection from offenders who ...
Ambiguous Loss in a Non-Western Context: Families of the Disappeared in Postconflict Nepal
Ambiguous loss is explored in a different cultural context through a study of the families of persons disappeared during Nepal's decade-long Maoist insurgency.
Dentistry to the rescue of missing children: A review
Nitika Vij, Gulsheen Kaur Kochhar, Sanjay Chachra, Taranjot Kaur
Toothprints enables a unique identification of the missing children not only through the bite impression but also through salivary DNA. Besides the use of Toothprints, a dentist can assist investigating agencies in identifying the missing children in multiple ways, including postmortem dental profiling, labeled dental fixtures, DNA extraction from teeth, and serial number engraving on the children's teeth.
No One Runs Away For No Reason: Understanding Safeguarding Issues When Children and Young People Go Missing From Home
L Hill, J Taylor, F Richards, S Reddington
Paper exploring the safeguarding concerns and responses for children and young people who run away or go missing from home
“Child Alert”: public information dissemination of child disappearances
Veerle Pashley, Els Enhus, Mark Leys
Research within the framework of developing a “Child Alert system”, a project coordinated by Child Focus.
Child Alerts for missing children: need for a balanced and integrated approach
Missing Children Europe
Endangered missing children for which a child alert system can be of use constitute an average 1 to 2% of the total cases of missing children. While child alert systems can be of use in those 1 to 2%, the overall problem of missing children - of which an average 60% concern children running away from situations of conflict, abuse, violence and neglect - requires a much more comprehensive approach, including measures aimed at prevention and empowerment.
Still in Harm's Way: An update report on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
ECPAT UK and Missing People
Following on from their ground-breaking 2016 report Heading Back to Harm, leading charities ECPAT UK and Missing People have revisited the issue using 2017 data to assess what has changed. This report shows that trafficked and unaccompanied children are still going missing from care at an alarmingly high rate.
Missing Persons A handbook of research
Karen Shalev Greene and Llian Alys
This groundbreaking book brings together for the first time ideas and expertise across this vast subject area into one interconnected publication. It explores the subjects of missing children, missing adults, the investigative process of missing person cases, and the families of missing persons.
The challenges of international cross-border investigations
The presentation will highlight the difficulties encountered in international investigations in Europe without borders and beyond the European Union.
The cultural nature of missing
The notions of trying to define 'missing' and 'missingness' are fascinating. Many people, who are reported to authorities as being missing by family and friends, do not consider themselves as missing persons; when found, they are surprised that they have been considered as 'missing'. Adults have rights to do as they please and also the right to be forgotten.
Figures and Trends 2015
Missing Children Europe
Every year Missing Children Europe collects data and statistics on missing children reported to hotlines for missing children active in all EU Member States and to the Cross Border Family mediator network.
Life’s on Hold: Missing people, private calendars and waiting
This article presents the impact of someone being missing, by considering the role of time in three interrelated fashions.
The SIAMSECT files
Vermuelen, G., Balcaen, A., Di Nicola, A., & Cauduro, A.
Development of EU template and collection plan for statistical information and analysis on missing and sexually exploited children and trafficking in human beings in order to have reliable and comparable collection and analysis of indicators and other data, as well as enabling communication between EU, other EU bodies and third party organisations.
An Uncertain Hope: Missing People’s overview of the theory, research and learning about how it feels for families when a loved one goes missing
This guidance provides an overview of the currently available research, policy, knowledge and understanding about what it is really like to cope when someone you love is missing.
Practical guidance on preventing and responding to unaccompanied children going missing
Federica Toscano, Delphine Moralis, Jan Murk, Rebecca O’Donnell
This handbook aims to stimulate and disseminate practices on how to better cooperate in prevention, response and after care of missing unaccompanied children.
“It’s the hope that hurts” Best practice in counselling models relevant to families and friends of missing persons
Hunter Institute of Mental Health
In early June of 2001 the families and friends of Missing persons unit operating within the NSW attorney General’s department out of the victims of Crime Bureau contracted the hunter institute of Mental health to investigate and report on best practice model/s relevant to families and friends of missing persons.
Living in Limbo: The experiences of, and impacts on, the families of missing people
This small scale, exploratory study aimed to provide a rich and deep account of the ways in which a disappearance can affect a missing person’s family members.
National estimates of missing children: An overview
Sedlak, A. J., Finkelhor, D., Hammer, H., & Shultz, D. J.
Report summarising findings from the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children. National estimates of missing children based on surveys of households, juvenile residential facilities, and law enforcement agencies.
Business Case-Situation Report: Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children and Young People Project
Findings from the Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children Workshops
Children's rights must be a priority in the strategic guidelines
This submission's aim is to raise awareness among EU countries in Children disappearances especially those affected by migration. More support is needed by creating institutions that will help them.
The Amber Alert: Appropriate solution to preventing child abduction?
Outlines the history and activation process of the Amber Alert, as well as the challenges and advantages experienced by the agencies involved.
Position paper: Child tracking devices
Missing Children Europe
A tracking device is an electronic security mechanism which allows monitoring the location of a person or an object. Over the past years, many tracking devices have been developed enabling adults to monitor and locate their children. This paper outlines Missing Children Europe's research and opinion on the issue of using child tracking devices.
Missing children figures and trends 2014
Missing Children Europe
An annual data collection exercise to collect data on the numbers, categories and trends of missing children in Europe based on calls and cases dealt with by 116 000 missing children hotlines across Europe. While effective and standardised data collection mechanisms are lacking in Europe, this annual review provides for one of the only reliable and updated sources of information on missing children for the past year.
Missing and abducted children: A law enforcement guide to case investigation and program management
Eds: Preston Findlay, Robert G Lowery
Guide to assist law enforcement in the search for missing children. Its two goals are to provide (1) Police Officers with a step by step info. On how to respond to and investigate missing child cases, and (2) Administrators with the programmatic framework to manage the missing-child response within their agency's jurisdiction
Investigating missing children cases: a guide for first responders and investigators
Sprague, D. F.
Provides a solid training guide on missing children investigative techniques, enabling law enforcement professionals to respond confidently with a plan of action that offers the best possible chance for a positive outcome.
INTERACT: Report on multi-agency practical simulations on fictional cases in Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden
Missing Children Europe
This report illustrates the implementation and the results of the simulations of cases of missing children in migration is order to test practices and procedures for multi-agency collaboration at national and cross-border level.
The effectiveness of supermarket posters in helping to find missing children
Lampinen, J. M., Arnal, J., & Hicks, J. L.
The research addresses the question of how effective Supermarket Posters are in Helping to Find Missing Children
Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics
Collected and analysed data, and developed the basis to improve the mechanisms involved when children go missing in the 27 EU Member States.
In the Loop: young people talking about missing
Families and Friends of Missing Persons Unit in collaboration with Emily, Izi, Lily and Max.
This book is written by and for children and young people who live with having someone missing in their lives. That missing person might be a parent or grandparent, a brother or sister, an aunt, uncle or cousin.
The blue light social services? Responding to repeat reports to the police of people missing from institutional locations
Carol Hayden & Karen Shalev-Greene
The issues that arise in responding to repeat reports to the policing of people missing from institutional locations (such as hospitals, mental health units and children's residential care) are the focus of this article.
'You are going to drop the ball on this ...': using siblings' stories to inform better interprofessional practice when someone goes missing
The need for support from human services workers to complement the role of police is recognised as is the important role of non-government support and advocacy services.
Missing siblings: seeking more adequate social responses
Julie Clark, Jeni Warburton, Cheryl Tilse
This paper links knowledge of siblings, loss and grief to an understanding of this phenomenon. It presents the methodology and findings of an exploratory, qualitive study into the expériences of nine adult siblings of long-term missing people in Australia and presents the themes drawn from their account.
Disappearing, departing, running away. A surfeit of children in Europe
Study carried out in Belgium, France, Spain and Switzerland on the disappearances of unaccompanied foreign minors placed in institutions. This publication seeks to contribute ways of improving the care of unaccompanied foreign minors arriving in European countries.
Ambiguous loss: a complicated type of grief when loved ones disappear
Pauline Boss, Janet R Yeats
Ambiguous loss is an unclear loss that continues without resolution or closure. The authors present six guidelines about meaning, mastery, identity, ambivalence, attachment, and hope.
Loss, Trauma and Resilience : Therapeutic Work with Ambiguous Loss
Pauline Boss, the principal theorist of the concept of ambiguous loss, guides clinicians in the task of building resilience in clients who face the trauma of loss without resolution. Boss describes a concrete therapeutic approach that is at once directive and open to the complex contexts in which people find meaning and discover hope in the face of ambiguous losses
Missing persons in Australia
Marianne James, Jessica Anderson and Judy Putt
This paper identifies key priorities for further development to improve practices related to reducing the incidence of missing persons and the provision of services.
Missing Children Memorandum to the EU
Recommendations on effective European strategies regarding the cross-border problem of missing children.
Breaking the cycle: Collaborating and behaving differently to improve the outcomes and experiences of missing children
The purpose of this paper is to explore how, by encouraging all key stakeholders to “play nicely and act maturely” to share responsibility, the author was able to improve outcomes for children reported missing to Gwent Police.
Families living with absence: Searching for missing people
Hester Parr and Olivia Stevenson
The report raises many relevant issues for working with families of missing people, but also highlights the need for families to have time and space to remember.
The Missing Link in Resilience Research
Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel
This article is a most comprehensive and important review of resilience research which presents an intellectual challenge to every scholar in this field.
When the Search is Over: Reconnecting missing children and adults
This project explored the ways in which missing people reconnect to family, carers or a place of safety, and makes recommendations for improvements in the way reconnections are facilitated and supported.
Lessons from Australia: Developing a new counselling service for families when someone is missing
This report describes Helen's trip and the lessons she learned.
The Trauma and Complicated Grief of Ambiguous Loss
Ambiguous loss is a newly identified type of loss that occurs when a loved one is physically present, but psychologically absent. Dementia is just one example.
Family Feedback Survey Report
Missing People's annual Impact Report shows how we are meeting the needs of missing children, missing adults and their families across the UK.
Supporting those who are left behind A counselling framework to support families of missing persons
Each year in Australia, 35,000 people are reported missing to police. For every missing person’s case reported, at least 12 people are affected whether it is emotionally, psychologically, physically or financially. That means that a significantly large number of people will endure the trauma associated with the unresolved loss of a loved one.
Holding on to hope: A review of the literature exploring missing persons, hope and ambiguous loss
Sarah Waylanda, Myfanwy Maplea, Kathy McKaya & Geoffrey Glassocka
This review explores hope for families of missing people.
What about me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister
US Department of Justice
This publication is the effort of those who have lived the nightmare of losing a sister or brother. Eight siblings joined with the Office of Justice Programs to write this guide.
Looking back: 15 years of prevention and responses to missing children in the European Union
In 2001, the Council of the European Union adopted a Resolution on the contribution of civil society in finding missing or sexually exploited children under the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the EU. The Resolution coincided with the launch at the European Parliament of the European Federation for Missing and Sexually Exploited Children - now operating under the name Missing Children Europe. It also announced the beginning of a series of initiatives taken at the level of the EU to protect children from going missing. Measures taken over the past 15 years have included legislation, policy and funding, often promoting a public private partnerships response involving a broad range of stakeholders at different levels.
The presentation will outline and contextualise some of these key European initiatives and their impact at national level, including the latest data on the caseload of hotlines for missing children reachable in 29 European countries through the same European telephon
Once missing - Never forgotten?
Mette Drivsholm, Delphine Moralis, Dr. Karen Shalev-Greene, Dr. Penny Woolnough
To date, few attempts have been made to evaluate the effectiveness of publicity campaigns, all of which were carried out in the USA. While scarce, the research tends to reveal disappointing results and suggest that publicity appeals don’t necessarily positively impact the investigation or search. The dissemination of images of missing children furthermore raises potential issues regarding the impact that it may have on the protection of the child’s privacy and overall wellbeing. Others however argue that appeals can help to gather vital information from the public and safeguard children at risk, with Child Alert systems in particular having been credited for safeguarding missing children (OJJPD, 2016). These views call for further research to ensure the effectiveness
of publicity appeals in their potential of saving lives, while limiting the negative impact for missing children and their families.
Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research
Ravi Shankar B. G., Ravindra D.Gadkar
This paper reviews the research that has investigated the relationship between family factors and runaway incidence of Children. It also examines the prominent theories to understand runaway phenomena. It aims to assist practitioners and policy makers who work with children and families to make evidence informed
What to do when a child goes missing
This guide gives some simple advice on what steps to
take when a child goes missing, based on our experience and the views of the young people involved.
The European hotline number for missing children: A practical guide for hotline operators
Missing Children Europe
It contains key recommendations and examples of existing practices that every NGO running, or wishing to run, the 116000 hotline can draw inspiration from and make use of.
The article underlines and explores the possible link between children that go missing and child sexual exploitation.
The link between: Trafficked children and missing
Every year approximately 250,000 people are reported missing to the police and other agencies across the UK. About two thirds of these reports will be children under 18 (Home Office: 2010), and a proportion of will have been victims of trafficking.
Lost from view: Missing persons in the UK
Nina Biehal, Fiona Mitchell and Jim Wade
Thousands of people are reported missing each year, yet very little is known about who they are, why they disappear and what happens to them.
Communication, Liminality, and Hope: The September 11th Missing Person Posters
Kevin T. Jones, Kenneth S. Zagacki, Todd V. Lewis
In this paper, we argue that the posters represent a powerful response to a traumatic and in some ways unprecedented situation (September 11, 2001), a response that transformed the death of loved ones from a reality or future certainty into a probability made possible by the searchers' desire, emotions, or imagination.