Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

.: Sub-Categories: Legal instruments | Policy & reviews :.

Policy & Legislation
44 item(s).
  • Relocating unaccompanied children: applying good practices to future schemes
    The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
  • Missing children memorandum to the European Union
    Missing Children Europe
    Every 2 minutes a child is reported missing in the European Union. Missing children cases are not confined by national borders and therefore require European support structures and policies. Members of the European Parliament are key players in addressing the challenges that missing children face. Together, we can create a safer Europe for children. Along with our network of 31 NGOs in 26 countries, we are the leading experts on missing children in Europe. Find below a summary of the main issues on which Missing Children Europe and our members at the national level need urgent support.
  • EXPLORE, ENGAGE, ACT! Children and Young People and the Global Compact on Refugees and for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration
    Hannah Mehta.
    The Initiative for Child Rights in the Global Compacts has developed a briefing for young people on the recently adopted Global Compacts for Refugees and on Migration. The aim is to enable children and young people to know what the two Compacts say about migrant and refugee children and adolescents and to inspire them to take action. The briefing provides background information about the Compacts, outlines what each Compact says about children and young people and explores ways for them to engage in discussions around the Global Compacts, putting the compacts into practice and checking in on progress. It looks at ways in which children and young people might want to work with others and take action. The briefing also contains inspiring examples of groups of young people working to support migrant and refugee children and youth.
  • Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
    Lanzarote committee
    Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
  • Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report “The protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: the strategies”
    Lanzarote committee
    In a new report, the Lanzarote Committee analyses the strategies used by 26 State Parties to protect children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust (extended family and persons close to the child who exercise influence over the child). According to the report, States Parties to the Council of Europe’s Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Convention) are undertaking effective steps in this field.
  • Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
    Lanzarote committee
    Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
  • "Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid
    Dr Helen Connolly, Ilona Pinter
    In April 2013, the Government implemented changes to the legal aid system which means that separated or unaccompanied migrant children - those without a parent or guardian in this country - are no longer be able to get free support with their immigration cases. The report focus on the issue.
  • Publication: Human Rights Indicators for Migrants and their Families
    Pablo Ceriani Cernadas, Michele LeVoy, Lilana Keith, Luis Campos
    The working paper shows that the use of indicators for the human rights of migrants can facilitate and monitor progress and compliance with legal obligations; that the fulfilment of migrants’ rights is an essential tool for social integration in multicultural societies, and that migrants’ rights indicators promote evidence based policy-making.
  • Implementation Handbook: putting the investing in children recommendation into practice
    The 2013 European Commission Recommendation “Investing in Children: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage” presented a comprehensive policy approach to child poverty and well-being. A new Implementation Handbook by Eurochild and its partners in the EU Alliance for Investing in Children, shows how member states can translate the policy guidelines into action.
  • Protecting undocumented children: Promising policies and practices from governments
    Focusing on the areas of education, health care, protection from violence and non-detention, this report seeks to support and disseminate such policies, by presenting several promising examples from governments at all levels, alongside some available data and relevant policy documents at EU level.
  • Children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe
    Jan Murk
    A discussion paper on the return of unaccompanied and separated children to institutional reception or family
  • Introduction: development, children, and protection
    William Myers, Michael Bourdillon
    Introduces a special issue of Development in Practice focusing on Child Protection in Development. Places protection of children in context of development studies, outlines current international trends in protection of children and raises questions about them.
  • Children's rights, as they see them
    Eurobarometer study of young people in all 27 member states of the EU which identified the most important issues in terms of their rights and the rights of children in general and the various obstacles children face in exercising these rights.
  • The UN Convention on the Rights of a Child
    An analysis of how the Convention relates to the rights of missing children
  • The Hague Child Abduction Convention: A Critical Analysis
    Rhona Schuz
    Provides an up-to-date discussion of the international operation of the Abduction Convention together with in-depth critical academic analysis in light of the objectives of the Convention and other relevant legal norms, such as the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Joint statement on the impact of the Pact on Migration and Asylum on children in migration
    In 2019, children represented almost one third of the total number of first-time asylum applicants. Whilst in 2015 children were only contemplated in a footnote in the Agenda on Migration, the 2020 Pact on Migration and Asylum includes various welcome safeguards for (mainly unaccompanied) children. However, we still have serious concerns in relation to certain procedures proposed.
  • Joint Position Paper on a Comprehensive Child Rights Strategy
    This position paper presents a set of key principles to guide the development of a comprehensive Child Rights Strategy as well as priorities and actions for the European Institutions, Member States, and partner countries to take. The principles and priorities highlighted in this position paper are core principles enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and its General Comments. They are also aligned with the UN 2030 Agenda and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Missing Children Europe Statement on COVID-19 Protecting children (at risk of) going missing
    Missing Children Europe
    While fighting the virus, we cannot neglect our responsibility and obligation to protect the most vulnerable among us. Missing Children Europe in its statement shows how COVID-19 impacted children (at risk of) going missing as well as calls for national governments and EU decision makers to take an action in order to support 116 000 hotlines that play a crucial role in guaranteeing support and protection for children and families.
  • New ways to access UK asylum: Resolving the refugee situation at the UK’s doorstep
    Refugee Rights Europe
    The latest policy proposal calls for long-term solutions to the human suffering at the UK border in northern France. Within the context of the UK’s negotiations regarding its future relationship with the EU, a new approach to the situation in northern France is presented by civil society actors, which hold in-depth knowledge of the complexities of human mobility at the UK border.
  • First Implementation report on protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust
    Council of Europe
    The 1st monitoring round of the implementation of the Lanzarote Convention focuses on the protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust. Two reports will cover this theme in the 26 States (those which were Parties to the Convention at the time the monitoring round was launched)
  • The role of central authorities in the application of the 1980 Hague Convention on child abduction: A critical analysis of a genuine area of public international law
    Dr. Kutlay TELLİ
    This article mainly intends to provide a roadmap for Central Authorities regarding the return requests within the meaning of the Hague Convention
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection? In so doing it also reflects on whether a summary return mechanism can continue to accord with twenty-first century expectations and norms.
    INCADAT comprises searchable summaries of decisions, links to the full texts of judgments and compendia of legal analysis in English, French and Spanish. Continually updated, INCADAT is used by judges, Central Authorities, legal practitioners, researchers and others interested in this rapidly developing branch of law.
  • Results of public consultation “EU guidance on integrated child protection systems”
    Paul Beaumonta, Katarina Trimmingsa, Lara Walkera and Jayne Hollidaya
    This article examines how the European Court of Human Rights has clarified its jurisprudence on how the 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention Article 13 exceptions are to be applied in a manner that is consistent with Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights
  • Looking back: 15 years of prevention and responses to missing children in the European Union
    Delphine Moralis
    In 2001, the Council of the European Union adopted a Resolution on the contribution of civil society in finding missing or sexually exploited children under the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the EU. The Resolution coincided with the launch at the European Parliament of the European Federation for Missing and Sexually Exploited Children - now operating under the name Missing Children Europe. It also announced the beginning of a series of initiatives taken at the level of the EU to protect children from going missing. Measures taken over the past 15 years have included legislation, policy and funding, often promoting a public private partnerships response involving a broad range of stakeholders at different levels. The presentation will outline and contextualise some of these key European initiatives and their impact at national level, including the latest data on the caseload of hotlines for missing children reachable in 29 European countries through the same European telephon
  • The powers of the court of protection in relation to missing adult cases with an international element
    Anne-Marie Hutchinson OBE & Katherine Res Pritchard
    Introduction and brief summary of the powers of the Court of Protection in relation to cases with an international element.
  • Missing Children Memorandum to the EU
    Delphine Moralis
    Recommendations on effective European strategies regarding the cross-border problem of missing children.
  • Consultation on Powers to delegate children's social care functions
    The Consultation's aim is to make regulations allowing a local authority to enter into arrangements with a body corporate for the discharge of a wider range of its social services functions related to children.
  • The European hotline number for missing children: A practical guide for hotline operators
    Missing Children Europe
    It contains key recommendations and examples of existing practices that every NGO running, or wishing to run, the 116000 hotline can draw inspiration from and make use of.
  • Children on the Move, Family Tracing and Needs Assessment - Guidelines for Better Cooperation between Professionals Dealing With Unaccompanied Foreign Children in Europe - relatorio da IJJO
    The report suggests some practical steps to favour the creation of a more connected network of practitioners and associations, to foster cooperation in practice as well as on a more strategic level.
  • Child Trafficking in the EU - Challenges, perspectives and good practices
    Report identifying that the EU must provide better legislation to combat child trafficking and that the protection and care of victims must be improved.
  • Strategic Threat Assessment on Child Trafficking in the UK
    Report providing an assessment of national strategic trends, informs police, UKBA, children's services, NGOs. Aids prevention and prosecution of those exploiting children. Recommends partnerships between agencies and best practice.
  • The value of crime scripting: deconstructing internal child sex trafficking
    Brayley, H., Cockbain, E., & Laycock, G
    Explores how Crime Scripting can benefit crime investigations. This method has recently been used for investigations regarding child sex trafficking.
  • The New UN Trafficking Protocol
    Janice G. Raymond
    Summarizes the key points of the new trafficking in persons protocol, the debate over the definition of trafficking, which was the most contentious part of the Protocol, how the Protocol is being interpreted, and its implications for regional and national policy against human trafficking
  • "International Criminalisation and Child Welfare Protection": the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
    Buck, T
    Reviews of the context of the Optional Protocol on the Rights of the Child, including the work of the Special Rapporteur, examination of reservations and declarations made by states upon ratification and a preliminary analysis of country reports to the CRC.
  • Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics
    European Commission
    Collected and analysed data, and developed the basis to improve the mechanisms involved when children go missing in the 27 EU Member States.
  • Congress of Local and Regional Authorities' toolkit to stop sexual violence against children
    The Congress has produced a campaign toolkit in 22 language versions to encourage local and regional authorities in Europe to sign up to the Pact of Towns and Regions to Stop Sexual Violence against Children and take measures at local and regional level.
  • Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration
    It is designed to assist legal practitioners at national and European level, including lawyers, judges, prosecutors, border guards, immigration officials and others working with national authorities, as well as non-governmental organisations and other bodies.
  • Explanatory Report on the 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention
    Elisa Perez-Vera
    Report on the general characteristics of the Hague Conference on private international law
  • Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
    Scope of the convention; Central authorities; Return of Children; Rights of Access; General Provisions: Final Clauses;
  • Council Regulation (EC) N. 2201/2003 of 27 November 2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgements in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibilities
    Regulation EC2201/2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility
  • Mainstream Children's Rights In EU Legislation, Policy And Budget
    Meike Schuurman
    This study provides guidance on how effective child rights mainstreaming can be undertaken in the EU's internal policies, budget and legislation. It offers seven steps for effective mainstreaming of children's rights, based on interviews with European Commission and European Council officials as well as contributions from national children's NGOs and academics.
  • Into independence, not out of care 16 plus care options
    An inquiry into the child protection system in England (2012) expressed concern about the level and quality of support received by older young people in, or on the edge of, the care system. The current Staying Put policy applies only to looked after young people living in foster care.