Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

121 item(s).
  • Missing : Persons and Politics
    Jennifer Ann Edkins
    In Missing, Jenny Edkins highlights stories from a range of circumstances that shed light on this critical tension: the aftermath of World War II, when millions in Europe were displaced; the period following the fall of the World Trade Center towers in Manhattan in 2001 and the bombings in London in 2005; searches for military personnel missing in action; the thousands of political "disappearances" in Latin America; and in more quotidian circumstances where people walk out on their families and disappear of their own volition.
  • In the Loop: young people talking about missing
    Families and Friends of Missing Persons Unit in collaboration with Emily, Izi, Lily and Max.
    This book is written by and for children and young people who live with having someone missing in their lives. That missing person might be a parent or grandparent, a brother or sister, an aunt, uncle or cousin.
  • Haunting Argentina: Synecdoche in the protests of mothers of the Plaza de Mayo
    Karen A. Foss
    This essay analyzes the protests of the Mothers by means of the metaphor of haunting and suggest that their symbols‐diapers as kerchiefs, slogans and sayings, circling the plaza, and marches‐enact a haunting by means of synecdoche.
  • Missing persons in Australia
    Marianne James, Jessica Anderson and Judy Putt
    This paper identifies key priorities for further development to improve practices related to reducing the incidence of missing persons and the provision of services.
  • Communication, Liminality, and Hope: The September 11th Missing Person Posters
    Kevin T. Jones, Kenneth S. Zagacki, Todd V. Lewis
    In this paper, we argue that the posters represent a powerful response to a traumatic and in some ways unprecedented situation (September 11, 2001), a response that transformed the death of loved ones from a reality or future certainty into a probability made possible by the searchers' desire, emotions, or imagination.
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection?
  • Mourning the Unfound: How We Can Help
    Joan Beder
    This article explores rituals surrounding death-rituals deprived of the mourners of the unfound-and suggests interventions that may be helpful to those struggling with this type of loss.
  • Ambiguous Loss : Learning to Live with Unresolved Grief
    Pauline Boss
    Frozen sadness - what we have when we cannot really know what we have lost. This is what Pauline Boss illuminates, and helps to ease.
  • Repeat reports to the police of missing people: locations and characteristics
    Dr. Karen Shalev Greene and Professor Carol Hayden
    The locations from which people are reported missing repeatedly in a one year period.
  • Missing Children and Adults: A Cross Government Strategy
    Providing the correct and suitable protection for every child and especially protecting those children at risk.
  • Children Reported "Missing" to the Police: Is It Possible to "Risk Assess" Every Incident?
    Carol Hayden, Jo Goodship
    Focuses on the high volume of children gone missing in relation to the potential risks posed.
  • Business Case-Situation Report: Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children and Young People Project
    Ian Jones
    Findings from the Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children Workshops
  • The meaning of online problematic situations for children - Results of qualitative cross-cultural investigation in nine European countries
    Eds: David Smahel & Michelle F. Wright
    In this report, the findings of qualitative research from the EU Kids Online III study are presented. The research included children who used the internet weekly. The children were from nine European countries: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
  • National estimates of missing children: An overview
    Sedlak, A. J., Finkelhor, D., Hammer, H., & Shultz, D. J.
    Report summarising findings from the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children. National estimates of missing children based on surveys of households, juvenile residential facilities, and law enforcement agencies.
  • What to do when a child goes missing
    Gwyther Rees
    This guide gives some simple advice on what steps to take when a child goes missing, based on our experience and the views of the young people involved.
  • Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research
    Ravi Shankar B. G., Ravindra D.Gadkar
    This paper reviews the research that has investigated the relationship between family factors and runaway incidence of Children. It also examines the prominent theories to understand runaway phenomena. It aims to assist practitioners and policy makers who work with children and families to make evidence informed decisions
  • Lost from view: Missing persons in the UK
    Nina Biehal, Fiona Mitchell and Jim Wade
    Thousands of people are reported missing each year, yet very little is known about who they are, why they disappear and what happens to them.
  • Return Interviews
    Statutory guidance on children who run away or go missing states that when a child is found they should be offered an independent return interview), the document endeavors to explain how and why the interview should be conducted.
  • Runaway children in alternative care in Finland
    Sami isoniemi
    The researcher conducted research into the personal history of runaways through the National Database of Police in Finland.
  • Running the Risks
    Lucy Holmes, Rachel Sturrock
    This research project, jointly conducted by UK charities Missing People and Catch 22, explores the links between gang involvement and young people going missing.
  • Reaching Safe Places
    Jane Thompson
    The ‘Reaching Safe Places’ research aimed to explore a range of runaway journeys and highlight the policy and practice change needed to increase the likelihood of young people finding a safe place instead of an unsafe one.
  • Feasibility of chat for reaching runaways
    Adinda Van Poucke
    The study shows, as has other research, that only a minority of the children/youth take the step to involve professional help.
  • Risk Factors in Juvenile Runaways and Children of Late Childhood: A qualitative analysis
    "Christos Fousianis, Vanessa Hatzithanasi, Aggeliki Kolokitha, Elena Petsa & Reggina Karantinou "
    In this study the main risk factors that lead to youth runaways are presented in depth. The data (62 cases, from both genders since 2008) was collected during the counseling procedure with the families of runaways once the runaway had returned.
  • Children Rough Sleepers in the EU
    Professor Kate Moss
    Interim report on a project which focuses on homelessness and rough sleeping in children
  • Children Rough Sleepers in Europe : A Research Methodology
    Professor Kate Moss and Paramjit Singh
    Paper describing the methodology used in research into homelessness and rough sleeping in children.
  • HERE TO LISTEN? Return interviews provision for young runaways
    Recommendations on return interviews
  • No One Runs Away For No Reason: Understanding Safeguarding Issues When Children and Young People Go Missing From Home
    L Hill, J Taylor, F Richards, S Reddington
    Paper exploring the safeguarding concerns and responses for children and young people who run away or go missing from home
  • Vulnerable Children on the run: A European Challenge
    Martin Houghton-Brown
    Summarizes a speech given by Martin Houghton-Brown given on the subject of children runaways.
  • Examining Missing Person Police Reports to Identify the Service Needs of Runaway Youth and Their Families
    George Patterson
    Examined situational and demographic characteristics in a sample of 47 children missing person police reports.
  • The Voice of the Child in International Child Abduction Proceedings under the 1980 Hague Convention - Project Report
    This report considers the practical application of the right of the child to participate set out in Article 12 in the context of proceedings under the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. Project, which involved an international survey of 97 family justice professionals from 32 countries, found significant global diversity in the interpretation and implementation of the child objections exception and how best to hear a child in the context of Hague Convention proceedings.
  • The wellbeing of children in cases of international child abduction
    Hilde Demarré
    Presentation ''The wellbeing of children in cases of international child abduction'' was delivered at the conference was organised by the School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, partnered with the Centre for the Study of Missing Persons at Portsmouth University and sponsored by WPC Software and the UK Missing Person’s Unit.
    Hilde Demarré
    This is a quantitative study that aims to identify certain trends over time. Doing this may help Child Focus to respond better to the needs of the parents and children involved, taking account of any changes in those needs. In addition, a number of additional research questions were incorporated into the study. These should give us a better understanding of the factors that can affect the well-being of children who have been abducted by one of their parents.
  • The Need for Concentrated Jurisdiction in Handling Parental Child Abduction Cases in the United States
    Keelikolani Lee Ho
    Taking examples from the international community, this comment explores the arguments for and against changing jurisdiction in the United States. This comment also provides a discussion of judicial best practices and stresses the need to expedite the return of abducted children.
  • Cross-border parental child abduction in the European Union
    This study aims at analysing the international, European and national legal framework applicable to cross-border parental child abduction, with a view to proposing recommendations for the improvement of the current system.
  • Behind the Curtains of International Child Abduction Proceedings
    Anca Crihana, Anca-Raluca Sas & Tudor-Cristian Ciobanu
    Have you ever heard about parents abducting their own child to another country? A parent takes away his child from the other parent or he refuses to return the child. What about the child’s best interests? What does the child actually want? What is his/her perspective on the abduction? Is it important to hear the voice of the child? Should the judge give weight to his/her testimony?
  • Enlèvement parental international d'enfants
    Christine Guy-Ecabert, Elisabeth Volckrick
    Saisir le juge ou s'engager dans la médiation ?
  • International Parental Child Abduction and Mediation
    Nuria González Martín
    The goal of this article is, first, to analyze the operation of the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction in the context of its Guide to Good Practice on Mediation to determine whether such guide will promote Mediation as a useful method for family conflict resolution in cases of international child abduction by one of the parents.
  • Child Abduction: European and Russian Perspectives
    N Rostovtseva, Etienne Pataut
    The paper studies one of the most topical issues arousing in international private law, i.e. internationalabduction of children by one of the parents
  • Child Abduction by a Parent or Exercising Parental Authority: Balancing European and National Regulations
    Oana Ghiţă
    The study aims to achieve normative distinction between the kidnapping of a child and exercise parental authority through the legal conditions in which such an act requires state intervention.
  • Protecting the Best Interests of the Child: International Child Abduction and the European Court of Human Rights
    Helen Keller and Corina Heri
    In its case law on international child abduction, the European Court of Human Rights (ecthr) seeks to interpret the European Convention on Human Rights (echr) in conformity with the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. Both instruments safeguard the best interests of abducted children, but in different ways.
  • Living Losses: children alienated from their parents for ten years or more
    Karen Woodall
    Living losses is a project which brings together mothers from across the world to raise awareness of the way in which abduction of a child, relocation and alienation are linked to a pattern of coercive control.
  • How best to resolve cases of parental child abduction?
    Joanne Orton
    This paper explores how cases of parental child abduction are best resolved, the challenges we face with countries that are not signatories to the Hague Convention, and whether or not there is a role for mediation in these cases.
  • Mediation in cases of International Parental Abductions
    Hilde Demarré
    In 2014, the European Parliament published a study on the use of mediation vs court litigation in cross-border disputes. This research revealed that mediation is 60% less costly then court litigation and that in contrast to court litigation which takes on average 18 months to conclude, a mediation process takes an average of only 43 days.
  • Mediation Bureau of the Centre International Child Abduction
    Birgitte M.J. Beelen
  • Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee on the Application of the Brussels IIa Regulation
    Report on on the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgements in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility
  • An evaluation of the long-term effectiveness of Mediation in cases of International Parental Child Abduction
    Trevor Buck
    This research attempts to fill an important gap in the critical research in this field by evaluating the long-term effectiveness of mediation in cases of international parental child abduction and the effectiveness of the agreements reached within mediation
  • International Child Abduction - The effects
    Marilyn Freeman
    This two-year research project considered the long and short term effects of international parental child abduction and included an investigation of the effects on the abducted child through child interviews conducted by senior CAFCASS officers
  • The outcomes for children returned following an abduction
    Marilyn Freeman
    The aim of this research was to investigate the outcome for children returned to a European destination following an abduction concentrating on the lived realities of the international abduction experience for the family members afflicted by it
  • International Child Abduction - The inadequacies of the Law - Thalia Kruger
    Thalia Kruger
    Sets the problem of child abduction within its international context. It looks at the families in which abductions took place, how preparations were made for an abduction, the quest for the return of the child (including legal proceedings), and the aftermath of the abductions.
  • Reporter: A European divorce with children
    What happens to the kids when their parents, nationals of different EU states, go their separate ways? EuroparlTV examined the case of a French-German couple.
  • Cross-border parental child abduction
    Advice to international couples who separate and where one partner wishes to move to another European country.
  • My Child? Our Child! Prevention Guide International Child Abduction
    Hilde Demarré
    A guide intended to be a working tool for professionals who deal with international child abduction in their day-to-day practice. It helps detect a possible risk of international child abduction more quickly, to better assess an effective risk and to launch an appropriate assistance.
  • Family Mediation in International Family Conflicts
    Brunilda Pali & Sandra Voet
    Identifies data on potential informants and target groups of national and international training institutes, medication associations and trainers working in family mediation.
  • Guide to good practice Child Abduction Convention: Mediation
    This guide promotes good practices in mediation and other processes in international family disputes concerning children which fall within the scope of the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
  • Transfrontier contact concerning children. General Principles and a Guide to good practice
    Guide setting out principles & good practices regarding implementation & application on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, drawing attention to provisions in respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children & providing an overall model for constructing an international system of co-operation.
  • Guide to good practice Child Abduction Convention: Part IV - Enforcement
    Guide with sections on Measures available in the requested State, their content and the conditions for their application; Legal challenges; The effect of legal challenges on the enforceability of return orders; The enforcement procedure and the actors involved; Promoting voluntary compliance; The child; Co-operation among actors within the requested State; Cross-border co-operation to ensure safe return; Training and education
  • Guide to good practice Child Abduction Convention: Part III - Preventive Measures
    Deals with preventive measures. Preventing abduction is a key aim of the 1980 Convention and it is widely acknowledged that it is better to prevent abduction than to have to seek a child's return after abduction
  • Guide to good practice Child Abduction Convention: Part II - Implementing Measures
    Guide with sections on Key operating principles; The path to signature and ratification or accession; Methods of implementation; Central Authorities; Organisation of the courts; Legal procedural matters; Legal aid and assistance; Aids to interpretation; Facilitating acceptance of accessions.
  • Guide to good practice Child Abduction Convention: Part I - Central Authority Practice
    Guide with sections on Key operating principles; Establishing and consolidating the Central Authority; Abduction applications outgoing & incoming: role of the requesting Central Authority; Access applications: role of requesting and requested Central Authorities & other important functions and issues.
  • Cross-border family mediation. International parental abduction, custody and access cases
    Christoph Paul & Sybille Kiesewetter
    This book wants to provide both work aids for practical activity and training materials for mediation training in cross-border conflicts involving parents and children.
  • Studies in private international law: Mediating International Child Abduction Cases: The Hague Convention
    Sarah Vigers
    What is meant by Convention mediation? How can a mediation process fit within the constraints of the Convention? Why offer mediation in Convention cases given the existing legal framework? This book addresses these questions and in so doing seeks to encourage enthusiasm about the use of mediation in the Convention context to greater practice
  • ChildRescue White Paper: The need for homogenous legal framework on missing unaccompanied migrant minors in EU
    Isabelle Brantl
    For the EU, in cases of missing unaccompanied migrant minors, a vastly heterogeneous image has arisen. This white paper will thus attempt to analyse the current legal situation and make recommendations on potential improvements to support the interests of the children rather than those of the nation states.
  • How do EU Member States Treat Cases of Missing Unaccompanied Minors?
    European Migration Network
    The new Inform from the European Migration Network (EMN), in collaboration with international organisations, EU agencies and NGOs, offers a global picture of the phenomenon of migrant children going missing.
  • INTERACT: Practical guidance on preventing and responding to trafficking and disappearances of children in migration
    Missing Children Europe
    This handbook aims to stimulate and disseminate practices on how to better cooperate in prevention, response and after care of missing or exploited children in migration.
  • INTERACT: Report on multi-agency practical simulations on fictional cases in Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden
    Missing Children Europe
    This report illustrates the implementation and the results of the simulations of cases of missing children in migration is order to test practices and procedures for multi-agency collaboration at national and cross-border level.
  • From Europe to Afghanistan: Experiences of child returnees
    Save the children
    This report assesses the impact on children of being returned from Europe to Afghanistan. Through interviews with individual children, their parents or guardians, and with governmental and non-governmental actors, it builds a picture of children’s material, physical, legal and psychosocial safety during the returns process.
  • Lost in Migration: Working together to protect children from disappearances, from European priorities to local realities
    Missing Children Europe
    Challenges and progress in implementing the European Commission Communication on the Protection of Children in Migration: Providing effective protection and enhancing integration at local level.
  • A study of the communication channels used by migrants and asylum seekers in Italy, with a particular focus on online and social media
    European Commission
    A study of the communication channels used by migrants and asylum seekers in Italy, with a particular focus on online and social media
  • Attitudes towards National Identity, Immigration and Refugees in Italy
    Social Change Initiative
    Attitudes towards National Identity, Immigration and Refugees in Italy
  • Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France
    NSPCC’s Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC)
    Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France
  • There are alternatives: A handbook for preventing unnecessary immigration detention (revised edition)
    International detention coalition
    There are alternatives: A handbook for preventing unnecessary immigration detention (revised edition)
  • European commission communication on protecting children in migration
    European Commission
    European commission communication on protecting children in migration
  • European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
    European Commission
    European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
  • Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
    Eurochild and SOS Children's Villages
    Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
  • Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking
    Roberto Forin, International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and Claire Healy (ICMPD).
    Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking
  • Forging a common path: A European approach to the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers
    International Rescue Committee Brussels Office
    The report argues that the EU is at a unique turning point at which it is vital to invest in the integration of people who have sought protection here, and that the institutions have a key role in putting this into practice. The implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan on Integration coming to an end in 2018, ongoing discussions about the restructuring of EU funding for integration and a new Commission in 2019 create an ideal moment to reflect on the shape and extent of future EU action on integration. After providing an overview of the current situation of refugees and asylum-seekers in the EU in Section II, the report aims to contribute to this process by highlighting good practices and suggesting some fundamental considerations informed by the IRC’s many decades of experience in supporting the integration of people seeking protection internationally, in the U.S. and in Europe.
  • Heading back to harm A study on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
    Andrea Simon, Chloe Setter,Lucy Holmes
    This research attempts to quantify the number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and children who may be trafficked in the UK care system, as well as the number who go missing from care.
  • Thematic focus: Family tracing and family reunification
    Fundamental Rights Agency
    This section looks at the fundamental rights implications of the following practices in more detail: Recent legislative changes Family tracing Family reunification Dublin requests
  • Promoting Inclusion for Unaccompanied Young Asylum Seekers and Immigrants: A DUTY OF JUSTICE AND CARE
    Terry Smith
    The report of a two year transnational project involving government, local authorities NGOs and young asylum seekers.
    Uprooted: The growing crisis for refugee and migrant children presents new data that paint a sad and sobering global picture of the lives and situations of millions of children and families affected by violent conflict and other crises that make it seem safer to risk everything on a perilous journey than to remain at home.
  • Missing Migrants in the Mediterranean: Addressing the Humanitarian Crisis
    The report details the findings of the ESRC funded Mediterranean Missing project, which was launched as part of a wider £1 million ESRC research programme, in response to the ongoing humanitarian crisis. Over a period of 12 months a team of researchers worked on the Greek island of Lesbos and in Sicily, Italy - the two main entry points for migrants and refugees into Europe and where a large number of boats carrying migrants have sunk in recent years - and looked at how the authorities deal with the bodies of migrants. They interviewed a range of relevant actors, including local authority employees, NGOs, coastguards, coroners, and funeral office staff, as well as families of missing migrants from Tunisia, Syria and Iraq, to understand their experience.
  • I Minori Vittimi Di Tratta E Sfruttamento: Chi Sono, Da Dove Vengono E Chi Lucra Su Di Loro
    Viviana Coppola, Eva Lo Iacono
    I bambini e gli adolescenti vittime di lavoro forzato nel mondo - un fenomeno più ampio della tratta e in alcuni casi connesso - sono 168 milioni; tra questi 85 milioni svolgono lavori altamente rischiosi per la loro salute e sicurezza, come il lavoro in agricoltura, in miniera, nell’edilizia o nelle fabbriche.
  • The long wait: Filling data gaps relating to refugees and displaced people in Calais camp
    A team of 20 researchers conducted a survey investigating the Calais camp’s demographic composition, potential human rights violations occurring amongst the people currently living there, and their future aspirations and plans.
  • Practical guidance on preventing and responding to unaccompanied children going missing
    Federica Toscano, Delphine Moralis, Jan Murk, Rebecca O’Donnell
    This handbook aims to stimulate and disseminate practices on how to better cooperate in prevention, response and after care of missing unaccompanied children.
  • UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’
    UNICEF has concerns about the situation and the protection of unaccompanied and separated children who may be returned to their country of origin. One of the main recommendations of the report is that return policies should be made child proof and in line with children's rights.
  • Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention
    Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention
  • Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) and the International Detention Coalition (IDC), Monitoring Immigration Detention: Practical Manual
    Eve Lester
    The rights to liberty and security of person are fundamental human rights, reflected in the international prohibition on arbitrary detention, and supported by the right to freedom of movement. While States have the right to control the entry and stay of non-nationals on their territory, this right needs to be exercised while respecting refugee and human rights law standards.
  • Beyond Detention: A Global Strategy to support governments to end the detention of asylum-seeker and refugees
    Putting people in detention has become a routine – rather than exceptional – response to the irregular entry or stay of asylum-seekers and migrants in a number of countries. Some governments view detention as a means to dissuade irregular migration to or applying for asylum in their territories. While acknowledging that irregular entry or stay may present many challenges to States, detention is not the answer.
  • Bulgaria: progress needed to better protect children, improve media freedom and uphold the human rights of migrants
    Counsil of Europe
    Referring to reported cases of violence perpetrated in several types of institutions for children, both among children and by adults, the Commissioner called on the Bulgarian authorities to investigate such allegations and protect children from further harm.
  • SUMMIT REPORT: Best practices and key challenges on interagency cooperation to safeguard unaccompanied children from going missing
    Federica Toscano, Karen Shalev Greene
    According to Europol, 10,000 unaccompanied migrant children have disappeared within hours of being registered and only a handful have been found since. The study calls for improved cooperation between law enforcement, social workers in shelters and reception centres, guardians, hotlines for missing children and other parties to better prevent and respond to the disappearance of unaccompanied children.
    Karin Fagerholm, Rhea Verheul
    Children on the move face many safety risks and concerns and when Europe is not proving able to handle the influx of migrants from a child rights perspective, these risks become even more severe. The European Ombudspersons for Children (ENOC) therefore decided to develop this report, to establish an overview of the current safety risks for children on the move in Europe and of the degree to which they have access to their rights, both while travelling to and through Europe and upon arrival in their country of destination.
  • New approaches, alternative avenues and means of access to asylum procedures for persons seeking international protection
    European Parliament
    Upon request by the LIBE committee, this study examines the workings of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), in order to assess the need and potential for new approaches to ensure access to protection for people seeking it in the EU, including joint processing and distribution of asylum seekers.
  • Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid
    Dr Helen Connolly, Ilona Pinter
    A new report by The Children's Society "Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid" finds that the removal of legal aid for most immigration cases means that many children, including those in local authority care, are at risk of abuse or exploitation because their immigration status cannot be resolved, increasing their vulnerability.
  • How to ensure undocumented migrants’ right to housing and shelter
    PICUM together with FEANTSA and EAPN launch their new report outlining strategies and good practices to overcome barriers for undocumented migrants to access housing and shelter.
  • Policies, practices and data on unaccompanied minors in the EU Member States
    European Commission
    All policies relating to unaccompanied minors released by the European Commission.
  • Missing, Lost, and Displaced Children in Postwar Germany: The Great Struggle to Provide for the War’s Youngest Victims
    Michelle Mouton
    This article explores the struggle to locate, identify, and provide for missing, lost, and displaced German children after 1945.
  • Children on the move
    Andrea Vonkeman
  • Connections between actors involved in reception and protection of children
    Nadine Finch
    The research looked at law and practice in Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom and one of the three particular areas of research was the disappearance of unaccompanied and separated migrant and trafficked children.
  • Unseen, unreported, unprotected: bringing Asylum Seekers and Refugees into the Missing and Child Sexual Exploitation Agendas
    Stela Stansfield and Chinyere Ajayi
    Anecdotal evidence has been gathered of children going missing but not reported to the police or any other services. Similarly, cases were identified of children who were being exploited but not known to services.
  • Children's rights must be a priority in the strategic guidelines
    This submission's aim is to raise awareness among EU countries in Children disappearances especially those affected by migration. More support is needed by creating institutions that will help them.
  • Media-Friendly Glossary on Migration
    Offers journalists a media-friendly glossary of terms in multiple languages to ensure specificity and accuracy in their word choice
  • Sans Papiers- The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants
    Alice Bloch, Nando Sigona, Roger Zetter
    Sans Papiers combines a contemporary account of the theoretical and policy debates with an in-depth exploration of the lived experiences of undocumented migrants in the UK from Zimbabwe, China, Brazil, Ukraine and Turkish Kurdistan.
  • Undocumented Children in Europe: Invisible Victims of Immigration Restrictions
    Luca Bicocchi, Michele LeVoy
    This report focuses on the needs of undocumented migrant minors across nine different EU countries.
  • What YOU can do to protect children on the move
    Mike Dottridge
    Handbook to enable organisations to review how they prevent child trafficking and exploitation, and whether they ensure that the best interests of the child guide their activities
  • The educational integration of separated minors: a comparison of the situations in France and Quebec
    Eva Lemaire
    It investigates the educational experiences of thirty-two separated children (unaccompanied minors seeking refuge) in two different regions: the Ile-de-France (Paris) region of France and the province of Quebec in Canada.
  • Disappearing, departing, running away. A surfeit of children in Europe
    Study carried out in Belgium, France, Spain and Switzerland on the disappearances of unaccompanied foreign minors placed in institutions. This publication seeks to contribute ways of improving the care of unaccompanied foreign minors arriving in European countries.
  • Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases
    Craig J. R. Collie, Karen Shalev Greene
    he Routine Activity Theory construct of capable guardianship is used to examine the features of 78 cases of stranger child abduction, using an outcome-based approach to establishing the effectiveness of various potential sources of guardianship in preventing abduction attempts from becoming completed, and to test widely held and taught beliefs on this subject.
  • An exploratory study of residential child abduction: An examination of offender, victim and offense characteristics
    J Shelton, M Hilts, M MacKizer
    Child abduction is every parent and community's worst nightmare. Specifically, a child abducted from inside a residence can be a source of great panic and give the perception that the four walls of one's home offer little or no protection from offenders who ...
  • The effectiveness of victim resistance strategies against stranger child abduction:an analysis of attempted and completed cases
    Karen Shalev Greene
    This article examines resistance strategies thought to reduce the likelihood that a child will be able to overcome an attempted stranger child abduction event.
  • International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law
    Tamás Dezső Ziegler
    This article summarizes the background of child abduction cases related to Hungary, giving a comprehensive analysis of such cases between the period of 2000 and 2014.
  • Examining 19 years of officially reported child abduction incidents (1995–2013): employing a four category typology of abduction
    Jeffrey A. Walsha, Jessie L. Krienerta, Cayla L. Comensa
    Child abduction has generated extensive media attention due to deep-seated fear elicited by infamous incidents. This study emphasizes differences across abductors/victims in a four category relationship-based typology, including a newer category – ‘intimate partner abductions’.
  • Beyond Stranger Danger
    Geoff Newiss
    Research by Parents and Abducted Children Together (PACT) finds that ‘stranger danger’ approaches to keeping children safe are still common place. Many parents talk to children about ‘stranger danger’, and in the aftermath of a local incident police and teachers sometimes run ‘stranger danger’ safety classes. This paper explores the main themes of ‘stranger danger’.
  • Victim and Offender in Stranger Child Abduction
    "Craig Collie & Dr. Karen Shalev-Greene "
    It was also found that being accompanied by other children was actually more risky than being unaccompanied, which refutes expectations. Recommendations for program modification based on these findings are discussed.
  • The blue light social services? Responding to repeat reports to the police of people missing from institutional locations
    Carol Hayden & Karen Shalev-Greene
    The issues that arise in responding to repeat reports to the policing of people missing from institutional locations (such as hospitals, mental health units and children's residential care) are the focus of this article.
  • Missing Persons A handbook of research
    Karen Shalev Greene and Llian Alys
    This groundbreaking book brings together for the first time ideas and expertise across this vast subject area into one interconnected publication. It explores the subjects of missing children, missing adults, the investigative process of missing person cases, and the families of missing persons.
  • Missing Persons: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Disappeared
    Dennis Raphael
    Derek Congram’s new collection responds to growing public awareness of persons who have disappeared due to armed conflict, repressive regimes, criminal behaviour, and racist and colonial policies towards Indigenous persons and minority populations.
  • Missing and Exploited Children
    M. Alexis Kennedy
    Children who leave home as runaways or are forced from their homes without alternative placements (thrownaways) are at great risk for being sexually exploited through commercial sexual activity or prostitution.
  • Breaking the cycle: Collaborating and behaving differently to improve the outcomes and experiences of missing children
    Kerry Wade
    The purpose of this paper is to explore how, by encouraging all key stakeholders to “play nicely and act maturely” to share responsibility, the author was able to improve outcomes for children reported missing to Gwent Police. The paper shows that sharing responsibility is a critical factor in such collaboration, requiring people and agencies to let go of power that usually interferes with a preparedness to avoid blame, a willingness to enjoy the rewards of success and together manage the risks.
  • Running the Risks: The links between gang involvement and young people going missing
    Rachel Sturrock and Lucy Holmes
    The UK Missing Persons Bureau estimates that as many as 160,000 children and young people are reported missing every year. Research from the Children’s Society over the past decade has shed some light on this issue and the recent spotlight on CSE has pushed the issue of children and young people going missing up the political agenda. However, the link between gang involvement and going missing from home is still very much unknown, with no specific research or national data collected indicating how many are affected.
  • Missing 16 and 17 Year Olds
    An exploration of why 16 and 17 year olds go missing, what support they have and what their outcomes are.
  • Missing Children: A Two Way Approach
    Pooja Jaswani*, Kratika Singh Chauhan, Tanya Tyagi
    This project on missing children was deliberated upon the media reports on the increase of the number of missing children in year 2013-2014. A thorough investigation was conducted in classifying the various trends in the increase of the registered number of missing cases in Delhi.