Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

Search Results
142 item(s).
  • Emerging Patterns and Trends Report #1 Youth-Produced Sexual Content
    Internet Watch Foundation
    This Paper introduces the key findings of a quantitative study of youth-produced sexual content online.
  • An exploratory study of residential child abduction: An examination of offender, victim and offense characteristics
    J Shelton, M Hilts, M MacKizer
    Child abduction is every parent and community's worst nightmare. Specifically, a child abducted from inside a residence can be a source of great panic and give the perception that the four walls of one's home offer little or no protection from offenders who ...
  • Child Abduction, AMBER Alert, and Crime Control Theater
    Timothy Griffin & Monica K. Miller
    Intense interest in disturbing child abductions by the mass media, public safety organizations, and the public has helped sustain a socially constructed mythology and sporadic “moral panic” about the presumed pervasiveness of this threat to children. The result has often been reactionary “memorial” legislation enacted in response to sensational cases.
  • Amber Alert: bringing abducted children home
    Anon
    Everything you want to know about the AMBER ALERT.
  • Dentistry to the rescue of missing children: A review
    Nitika Vij, Gulsheen Kaur Kochhar, Sanjay Chachra, Taranjot Kaur
    Toothprints enables a unique identification of the missing children not only through the bite impression but also through salivary DNA. Besides the use of Toothprints, a dentist can assist investigating agencies in identifying the missing children in multiple ways, including postmortem dental profiling, labeled dental fixtures, DNA extraction from teeth, and serial number engraving on the children's teeth.
  • Bulgaria: progress needed to better protect children, improve media freedom and uphold the human rights of migrants
    Counsil of Europe
    Referring to reported cases of violence perpetrated in several types of institutions for children, both among children and by adults, the Commissioner called on the Bulgarian authorities to investigate such allegations and protect children from further harm.
  • The role of central authorities in the application of the 1980 Hague Convention on child abduction: A critical analysis of a genuine area of public international law
    Dr. Kutlay TELLİ
    This article mainly intends to provide a roadmap for Central Authorities regarding the return requests within the meaning of the Hague Convention
  • The effectiveness of victim resistance strategies against stranger child abduction:an analysis of attempted and completed cases
    Karen Shalev Greene
    This article examines resistance strategies thought to reduce the likelihood that a child will be able to overcome an attempted stranger child abduction event.
  • The Hague Child Abduction Convention: A Critical Analysis
    Rhona Schuz
    Provides an up-to-date discussion of the international operation of the Abduction Convention together with in-depth critical academic analysis in light of the objectives of the Convention and other relevant legal norms, such as the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Examining 19 years of officially reported child abduction incidents (1995–2013): employing a four category typology of abduction
    Jeffrey A. Walsha, Jessie L. Krienerta, Cayla L. Comensa
    Child abduction has generated extensive media attention due to deep-seated fear elicited by infamous incidents. This study emphasizes differences across abductors/victims in a four category relationship-based typology, including a newer category – ‘intimate partner abductions’.
  • Commercial child sexual exploitation online
    Anon
    Youtube video actors providing real statement s by a victim and an abuser, of child sexual abuse
  • International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law
    Tamás Dezső Ziegler
    This article summarizes the background of child abduction cases related to Hungary, giving a comprehensive analysis of such cases between the period of 2000 and 2014.
  • Keeping mother alive: Psychotherapy with a teenage mother following human trafficking
    Kleinschmidt, L
    Describes therapy with an adolescent girl and her infant daughter, following the girl's escape from illegal detention, physical abuse and forced prostitution, after she was trafficked to the UK from Eastern Europe.
  • An exploratory model of girl's vulnerability to commercial sexual exploitation in prostitution
    Joan A. Reid
    Study utilising modelling to explore: whether caregiver strain is linked to child maltreatment, if experiencing maltreatment is associated with risk-inflating behaviours or sexual denigration of self/others, and if these behavioural and psychosocial dysfunctions are related to vulnerability to commercial sexual exploitation.
  • Missing and Exploited Children
    M. Alexis Kennedy
    Children who leave home as runaways or are forced from their homes without alternative placements (thrownaways) are at great risk for being sexually exploited through commercial sexual activity or prostitution.
  • No One Runs Away For No Reason: Understanding Safeguarding Issues When Children and Young People Go Missing From Home
    L Hill, J Taylor, F Richards, S Reddington
    Paper exploring the safeguarding concerns and responses for children and young people who run away or go missing from home
  • “Child Alert”: public information dissemination of child disappearances
    Veerle Pashley, Els Enhus, Mark Leys
    Research within the framework of developing a “Child Alert system”, a project coordinated by Child Focus.
  • Child Alerts for missing children: need for a balanced and integrated approach
    Missing Children Europe
    Endangered missing children for which a child alert system can be of use constitute an average 1 to 2% of the total cases of missing children. While child alert systems can be of use in those 1 to 2%, the overall problem of missing children - of which an average 60% concern children running away from situations of conflict, abuse, violence and neglect - requires a much more comprehensive approach, including measures aimed at prevention and empowerment.
  • Child Exploitation in the 21st Century
    Daniel D. Broughton
    New technology has changed how adults take advantage of children with a variety of new tools available. Victimisation has taken on new characteristics and internet, digital photography and ease of travel have all had an impact.
  • “Child Alert”: public information dissemination of child disappearances
    Veerle Pashley, Els Enhus, Mark Leys
    This report describes the communication trajectory of the Belgian NGO “Child Focus”.
  • "International Criminalisation and Child Welfare Protection": the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
    Buck, T
    Reviews of the context of the Optional Protocol on the Rights of the Child, including the work of the Special Rapporteur, examination of reservations and declarations made by states upon ratification and a preliminary analysis of country reports to the CRC.
  • Mainstream Children's Rights In EU Legislation, Policy And Budget
    Meike Schuurman
    This study provides guidance on how effective child rights mainstreaming can be undertaken in the EU's internal policies, budget and legislation. It offers seven steps for effective mainstreaming of children's rights, based on interviews with European Commission and European Council officials as well as contributions from national children's NGOs and academics.
  • Consultation on Powers to delegate children's social care functions
    Anon
    The Consultation's aim is to make regulations allowing a local authority to enter into arrangements with a body corporate for the discharge of a wider range of its social services functions related to children.
  • Children's rights, as they see them
    Anon
    Eurobarometer study of young people in all 27 member states of the EU which identified the most important issues in terms of their rights and the rights of children in general and the various obstacles children face in exercising these rights.
  • Introduction: development, children, and protection
    William Myers, Michael Bourdillon
    Introduces a special issue of Development in Practice focusing on Child Protection in Development. Places protection of children in context of development studies, outlines current international trends in protection of children and raises questions about them.
  • "If only someone had listened"
    Sue Berelowitz, Jenny Clifton, Carlene Firimin, Sandra Gulyurtlu, Gareth Edwards
    Despite increased awareness and a heightened state of alert regarding child sexual exploitation children are still slipping through the net and falling prey to sexual predators. Serious gaps remain in the knowledge, practice and services required to tackle this problem.
  • Running from hate to what you think is love: The relationship between running away and child sexual exploitation
    Emilie Smeaton
    This report focuses on different cases of sexual exploitation on children. The report has a strong background information, with true examples. It tries to identify the problem of disappearance due to abuse.
  • Congress of Local and Regional Authorities' toolkit to stop sexual violence against children
    Anon
    The Congress has produced a campaign toolkit in 22 language versions to encourage local and regional authorities in Europe to sign up to the Pact of Towns and Regions to Stop Sexual Violence against Children and take measures at local and regional level.
  • Exploited vulnerability: Legal and psychological perspectives on child sex trafficking victims
    Reid, J. A., & Jones, S.
    A review of the historical, neurological, and developmental vulnerabilities typical of child sex trafficking victims reveals serious doubts regarding their ability to control their choices or escape from a trafficker. The uniform shielding of all child victims of sex trafficking from legal culpability for the criminal conduct of traffickers is recommended.
  • Aggression in sexually abused trafficked girls and efficacy of intervention
    Sibnath Deb, Aparna Mukherjee, Ben Mathews
    Study to understand the incidence and severity of aggression among sexually abused girls who were trafficked and then used for commercial sexual exploitation. In addition, the impact of counseling for minimizing aggression from these girls was investigated.
  • The Tragedy and Horror of Human Trafficking of Children and Youth.
    Betz, C. L
    The extent to which children and youth are trafficked is difficult to estimate because these victims are hidden, silenced and forced to endure continued abuse creating fear and submissiveness. The estimates of children who are trafficking victims range from 600,000 to over 2 million.
  • Precious Children in a Heartless World? The Complexities of Child Trafficking in Marseille
    Brenda Carina Oude Breuil
    Examines how implicit notions in the concepts of "children" and "home" influence the study of child trafficking.
  • A Broad Vision to Put Children First : Child Trafficking in Europe
    UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
    Child trafficking occurs in virtually all countries in Europe. Children are trafficked across borders, but they are also trafficked within countries. Internal trafficking is reported to occur in every second European country.
  • Lost kids, lost futures. The European Union's response to Child Trafficking
    Mirjam Van Reisen, Ana Stefanovic
    Paper looking at how the European Union (EU) has chosen to respond to this challenge and assesses critically the legal, policy and implementation framework put in place to fight child trafficking.
  • Trafficking of Children in Albania: Patterns of Recruitment and Reintegration
    Eglantina Gjermeni, Mary P.Van Hook, Saemira Gjipali, Lindita Xhillari, Fatjon Lungu, Anila Hazizi
    Study to identify the patterns of child trafficking involving Albanian children, and especially children's views of the role of family issues and the nature of the trafficking experience.
  • Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system
    Rowena Fong, Jodi Berger Cardoso
    An overall analysis and overview of child trafficking in the USA.
  • Guardianship for Children Deprived of Parental Care
    Anon
    Handbook designed to help standardise guardianship practice, ensuring also that it is better equipped to deal with the specific needs of child victims of trafficking.
  • Study on high-risk groups for trafficking in human beings
    Alessandra Cancedda (Ecorys), Barbara De Micheli (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini), Dafina Dimitrova (Ecorys) and Brigitte Slot (Ecorys)
    his study is a deliverable of the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012-2016, which recognised that vulnerable groups, such as children, are at greater risk of human trafficking.
  • Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011)
    Anon
    Review of TDH campaign including evaluations, publications and views of TDH staff. Campaign against child trafficking and improvements in methods and programmes to reduce child trafficking and improve protection of children who had been trafficked.
  • Child Trafficking in the EU - Challenges, perspectives and good practices
    Anon
    Report identifying that the EU must provide better legislation to combat child trafficking and that the protection and care of victims must be improved.
  • Strategic Threat Assessment on Child Trafficking in the UK
    Anon
    Report providing an assessment of national strategic trends, informs police, UKBA, children's services, NGOs. Aids prevention and prosecution of those exploiting children. Recommends partnerships between agencies and best practice.
  • Guidance for professionals working with children who may have been trafficked
    Anon
    Guidance on how professionals should act when in contact with young children that been trafficked.
  • Falling Through the Gaps: Safeguarding Children Trafficked into the UK
    Bokhari, F
    Overview of child trafficking in the UK. Highlights the shortcomings and inconsistent standards of local authorities, the lack of specialist protection and the uncertainty of a trafficked child's immigration status, combining to make these children vulnerable to further harm and at risk from the influence of their traffickers.
  • Kids as Commodities? Child trafficking and what to do about it
    Mike Dottridge
    Report focusing on what NGOs can do, with the intention of showing them what techniques there are agreement on, and what need further discussion.
  • Moving children? Child trafficking, child migration, and child rights
    Julia O'Connell Davidson
    An article aiming to update the reader with the latest information regarding the latest trends, themes and patterns in child trafficking.
  • The Presentation of Child Trafficking in the UK: An Old and New Moral Panic?
    Cree, V. E, Clapton G and Smith M
    Explores the ways in which the highly emotive subject of child trafficking is presented in the UK. Examining the way the issue has been tackled at two moments in time: the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 21st century.
  • Mythologies and Panics: Twentieth Century Constructions of Child Prostitution
    Alyson Brown
    Examines twentieth century social constructions of child prostitutes and child prostitution, the origins of these representations and the extent to which they have been used as metaphors for other perceived social, economic and political problems.
  • Global Child Trafficking
    Beyrer, C
    Review of global child trafficking, severity, causes, documentation, what can be done and prevention from the perspective of the USA
  • Still in Harm's Way: An update report on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
    ECPAT UK and Missing People
    Following on from their ground-breaking 2016 report Heading Back to Harm, leading charities ECPAT UK and Missing People have revisited the issue using 2017 data to assess what has changed. This report shows that trafficked and unaccompanied children are still going missing from care at an alarmingly high rate.
  • Identifying child victims of trafficking. Towards solutions and resolutions
    Elzbieta M. Gozdziak
    Tackles the challenges of identifying trafficked children and offers recommandations in order to advance toward solutions and resolutions.
  • Rumours of Child Trafficking after Natural Disasters
    Heather Montgomery
    Article reviewing how rumours of child trafficking have surfaced quickly after every major natural disaster since the Asian tsunami (although usually proved false or exaggerated).
  • A handbook on planning projects to prevent child trafficking
    Mike Dottridge
    A handbook aimed at strengthening the protection of children and addressing the needs of children victim of child trafficking.
  • "Exploring Internal Child Sex Trafficking Networks Using Social Network Analysis"
    Eleanor Cockbain, Helen Brayley, Gloria Laycock
    A study using social network analysis to explore internal trafficking of children intended for sexual exploitation.
  • Breaking the wall of silence: practitioners' responses to trafficked children and young people
    Pearce, J. J., Hynes, P., and Bovarnick, S.
    Review of international and UK literature, report on focus groups and interviews of practitioners from children's services, analysis of children and young people trafficked into the UK and within the UK for sexual exploitation.
  • Kids abroad: ignore them, abuse them or protect them?
    Mike Dottridge
    Focuses on the experience of young people who leave home or travel abroad to seek work or a better life and also on children who are sent away from home by their parents. It explores initiatives that reduce the likelihood that such children will be subjected to exploitation.
  • Haunted: Treatment of a Child Survivor of Human Trafficking
    Bennett-Murphy
    Article examines challenges in the treatment of child survivors of human trafficking. Integrating psychoanalytic theory with models of self-development from the cognitive developmental psychology literature, the paper offers a clinical case presentation of an 11-year-old survivor
  • Working with Trafficked Children and Young People: Complexities in Practice
    Pearce, J. J
    Argues for a review of children's services responses to trafficked children based on a literature search, focus groups, interviews and case studies. Highlights variations in practitioners understanding of trafficking, smuggling, internal trafficking.
  • What the Professionals Know: The Trafficking of Children Into, and Through, the UK for Sexual Purposes
    Carron Somerset
    Study to identify the facts on the the trafficking of children for sexual exploitation into and through the UK.
  • Missing Children and Adults: A Cross Government Strategy
    Anon
    Providing the correct and suitable protection for every child and especially protecting those children at risk.
  • The educational integration of separated minors: a comparison of the situations in France and Quebec
    Eva Lemaire
    It investigates the educational experiences of thirty-two separated children (unaccompanied minors seeking refuge) in two different regions: the Ile-de-France (Paris) region of France and the province of Quebec in Canada.
  • What YOU can do to protect children on the move
    Mike Dottridge
    Handbook to enable organisations to review how they prevent child trafficking and exploitation, and whether they ensure that the best interests of the child guide their activities
  • Improving & Monitoring Protection Systems Against Child Trafficking and Exploitation/ TRANSITIONAL ANALYSIS
    Daja Wenke
    The IMPACT study notes that child rights violation also persists in Europe, despite the body of international, regional and national legal instruments adopted across the region to prohibit the practice and assist child victims
  • Protection of children and vulnerable adults: police disclosure of damaging allegations
    Bennion, F. A
    Explores the nature and methods of abuse in child trafficking. It also explores the protection and treatment offered to these vulnerable children.
  • Vulnerable Children on the run: A European Challenge
    Martin Houghton-Brown
    Summarizes a speech given by Martin Houghton-Brown given on the subject of children runaways.
  • Children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe
    Jan Murk
    A discussion paper on the return of unaccompanied and separated children to institutional reception or family
  • SUMMIT REPORT: Best practices and key challenges on interagency cooperation to safeguard unaccompanied children from going missing
    Federica Toscano, Karen Shalev Greene
    According to Europol, 10,000 unaccompanied migrant children have disappeared within hours of being registered and only a handful have been found since. The study calls for improved cooperation between law enforcement, social workers in shelters and reception centres, guardians, hotlines for missing children and other parties to better prevent and respond to the disappearance of unaccompanied children.
  • Missing Out: A study of child trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands
    Beddoe, C
    Interviews with social services, other agencies and voluntary sector organisations. Across the three regions there were 80 reported cases of known or suspected child victims of trafficking. 60% of these children have gone missing from social services care and have never been found.
  • Missing Persons A handbook of research
    Karen Shalev Greene and Llian Alys
    This groundbreaking book brings together for the first time ideas and expertise across this vast subject area into one interconnected publication. It explores the subjects of missing children, missing adults, the investigative process of missing person cases, and the families of missing persons.
  • Best practice for launching a cross-border child abduction alert
    Anon
    Describes and documents, based on experiences in several Member States, the key elements of a "child abduction alert" mechanism.
  • The cultural nature of missing
    Joe Apps
    The notions of trying to define 'missing' and 'missingness' are fascinating. Many people, who are reported to authorities as being missing by family and friends, do not consider themselves as missing persons; when found, they are surprised that they have been considered as 'missing'. Adults have rights to do as they please and also the right to be forgotten.
  • Figures and Trends 2015
    Missing Children Europe
    Every year Missing Children Europe collects data and statistics on missing children reported to hotlines for missing children active in all EU Member States and to the Cross Border Family mediator network.
  • The SIAMSECT files
    Vermuelen, G., Balcaen, A., Di Nicola, A., & Cauduro, A.
    Development of EU template and collection plan for statistical information and analysis on missing and sexually exploited children and trafficking in human beings in order to have reliable and comparable collection and analysis of indicators and other data, as well as enabling communication between EU, other EU bodies and third party organisations.
  • Trafficking in Women and Children for Sexual Purposes: A Growing Threat in Europe
    Manion, K
    Presents and summarises sources of information regarding the trafficking of women and children for sexual purposes within Europe. Highlights the need for education of social care professionals regarding this issue and shows the current gaps within the system.
  • European commission communication on protecting children in migration
    European Commission
    European commission communication on protecting children in migration
  • European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
    European Commission
    European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
  • Facial identification of children
    Elidh Fergusan
    In situations where comparative material is present, for example, child pornographic material, or the captured sighting of a missing individual, the potential to use facial comparison techniques to aid identification is an appealing one.
  • NCIC Missing Person and Unidentified Person Statistics for 2011
    FBI
    The National Crime Information Center’s (NCIC) Missing Person File was implemented in 1975. Records in the Missing Person File are retained indefinitely, until the individual is located, or the record is canceled by the entering agency.
  • From Europe to Afghanistan: Experiences of child returnees
    Save the children
    This report assesses the impact on children of being returned from Europe to Afghanistan. Through interviews with individual children, their parents or guardians, and with governmental and non-governmental actors, it builds a picture of children’s material, physical, legal and psychosocial safety during the returns process.
  • Uprooted: THE GROWING CRISIS FOR REFUGEE AND MIGRANT CHILDREN
    UNICEF
    Uprooted: The growing crisis for refugee and migrant children presents new data that paint a sad and sobering global picture of the lives and situations of millions of children and families affected by violent conflict and other crises that make it seem safer to risk everything on a perilous journey than to remain at home.
  • Traumatic Loss in Children and Adolescents
    Anthony P. Mannarino , Judith A. Cohen
    This article discusses the distinctive features of CTG, how it is different from normal bereavement, how this condition is assessed, and promising treatments for children who experience a traumatic loss.
  • Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union
    This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation. The research covers four specific areas, namely the type of guardianship systems in place, the profile of appointed guardians, the appointment procedures, and the tasks of the guardians.
  • Practical guidance on preventing and responding to unaccompanied children going missing
    Federica Toscano, Delphine Moralis, Jan Murk, Rebecca O’Donnell
    This handbook aims to stimulate and disseminate practices on how to better cooperate in prevention, response and after care of missing unaccompanied children.
  • PREVENTION SYSTEM FOR CHILD ABDUCTION BY USING IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHM ON INTEL GALILEO BOARD
    NOOR HASNI BINTI ABD HADI, HARIYANTI BINTI MOHD SALEH & SALINA BINTI MOHD ASI
    This paper describes a real-time system based on image processing algorithms by using Active Appearance Model technique for alignment process. The motivation of this research is the need for reducing children abduction cases.
  • First Implementation report on protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust
    Council of Europe
    The 1st monitoring round of the implementation of the Lanzarote Convention focuses on the protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust. Two reports will cover this theme in the 26 States (those which were Parties to the Convention at the time the monitoring round was launched)
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection? In so doing it also reflects on whether a summary return mechanism can continue to accord with twenty-first century expectations and norms.
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection?
  • International Parental Child Abduction and Mediation
    Nuria González Martín
    The goal of this article is, first, to analyze the operation of the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction in the context of its Guide to Good Practice on Mediation to determine whether such guide will promote Mediation as a useful method for family conflict resolution in cases of international child abduction by one of the parents.
  • The meaning of online problematic situations for children - Results of qualitative cross-cultural investigation in nine European countries
    Eds: David Smahel & Michelle F. Wright
    In this report, the findings of qualitative research from the EU Kids Online III study are presented. The research included children who used the internet weekly. The children were from nine European countries: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
  • Becoming Sweetie: a novel approach to stopping the global rise of Webcam Child Sex Tourism
    Anon
    Terre des Hommes Netherlands' four researchers identified 1,000 predators in 10 weeks. Call for all government agencies in charge of justice to identify and convict 100,000 predators committing the crime of WCST before the end of 2014
  • Implementation Handbook: putting the investing in children recommendation into practice
    Eurochild
    The 2013 European Commission Recommendation “Investing in Children: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage” presented a comprehensive policy approach to child poverty and well-being. A new Implementation Handbook by Eurochild and its partners in the EU Alliance for Investing in Children, shows how member states can translate the policy guidelines into action.
  • "Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid
    Dr Helen Connolly, Ilona Pinter
    In April 2013, the Government implemented changes to the legal aid system which means that separated or unaccompanied migrant children - those without a parent or guardian in this country - are no longer be able to get free support with their immigration cases. The report focus on the issue.
  • Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report “The protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: the strategies”
    Lanzarote committee
    In a new report, the Lanzarote Committee analyses the strategies used by 26 State Parties to protect children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust (extended family and persons close to the child who exercise influence over the child). According to the report, States Parties to the Council of Europe’s Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Convention) are undertaking effective steps in this field.
  • Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
    Lanzarote committee
    Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
  • Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
    Eurochild and SOS Children's Villages
    Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
  • Lost in Migration: Working together to protect children from disappearances, from European priorities to local realities
    Missing Children Europe
    Challenges and progress in implementing the European Commission Communication on the Protection of Children in Migration: Providing effective protection and enhancing integration at local level.
  • Undocumented Children in Europe: Invisible Victims of Immigration Restrictions
    Luca Bicocchi, Michele LeVoy
    This report focuses on the needs of undocumented migrant minors across nine different EU countries.
  • Children's rights must be a priority in the strategic guidelines
    Anon
    This submission's aim is to raise awareness among EU countries in Children disappearances especially those affected by migration. More support is needed by creating institutions that will help them.
  • National estimates of missing children: An overview
    Sedlak, A. J., Finkelhor, D., Hammer, H., & Shultz, D. J.
    Report summarising findings from the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children. National estimates of missing children based on surveys of households, juvenile residential facilities, and law enforcement agencies.
  • Business Case-Situation Report: Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children and Young People Project
    Ian Jones
    Findings from the Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children Workshops
  • The Amber Alert: Appropriate solution to preventing child abduction?
    Zgoba, K.
    Outlines the history and activation process of the Amber Alert, as well as the challenges and advantages experienced by the agencies involved.
  • Position paper: Child tracking devices
    Missing Children Europe
    A tracking device is an electronic security mechanism which allows monitoring the location of a person or an object. Over the past years, many tracking devices have been developed enabling adults to monitor and locate their children. This paper outlines Missing Children Europe's research and opinion on the issue of using child tracking devices.
  • Missing children figures and trends 2014
    Missing Children Europe
    An annual data collection exercise to collect data on the numbers, categories and trends of missing children in Europe based on calls and cases dealt with by 116 000 missing children hotlines across Europe. While effective and standardised data collection mechanisms are lacking in Europe, this annual review provides for one of the only reliable and updated sources of information on missing children for the past year.
  • Missing and abducted children: A law enforcement guide to case investigation and program management
    Eds: Preston Findlay, Robert G Lowery
    Guide to assist law enforcement in the search for missing children. Its two goals are to provide (1) Police Officers with a step by step info. On how to respond to and investigate missing child cases, and (2) Administrators with the programmatic framework to manage the missing-child response within their agency's jurisdiction
  • Investigating missing children cases: a guide for first responders and investigators
    Sprague, D. F.
    Provides a solid training guide on missing children investigative techniques, enabling law enforcement professionals to respond confidently with a plan of action that offers the best possible chance for a positive outcome.
  • The effectiveness of supermarket posters in helping to find missing children
    Lampinen, J. M., Arnal, J., & Hicks, J. L.
    The research addresses the question of how effective Supermarket Posters are in Helping to Find Missing Children
  • Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics
    European Commission
    Collected and analysed data, and developed the basis to improve the mechanisms involved when children go missing in the 27 EU Member States.
  • In the Loop: young people talking about missing
    Families and Friends of Missing Persons Unit in collaboration with Emily, Izi, Lily and Max.
    This book is written by and for children and young people who live with having someone missing in their lives. That missing person might be a parent or grandparent, a brother or sister, an aunt, uncle or cousin.
  • Disappearing, departing, running away. A surfeit of children in Europe
    Anon
    Study carried out in Belgium, France, Spain and Switzerland on the disappearances of unaccompanied foreign minors placed in institutions. This publication seeks to contribute ways of improving the care of unaccompanied foreign minors arriving in European countries.
  • Missing Children Memorandum to the EU
    Delphine Moralis
    Recommendations on effective European strategies regarding the cross-border problem of missing children.
  • When the Search is Over: Reconnecting missing children and adults
    Lucy Holmes
    This project explored the ways in which missing people reconnect to family, carers or a place of safety, and makes recommendations for improvements in the way reconnections are facilitated and supported.
  • Family Feedback Survey Report
    Missing People's annual Impact Report shows how we are meeting the needs of missing children, missing adults and their families across the UK.
  • Supporting those who are left behind A counselling framework to support families of missing persons
    Sarah wayland
    Each year in Australia, 35,000 people are reported missing to police. For every missing person’s case reported, at least 12 people are affected whether it is emotionally, psychologically, physically or financially. That means that a significantly large number of people will endure the trauma associated with the unresolved loss of a loved one.
  • Holding on to hope: A review of the literature exploring missing persons, hope and ambiguous loss
    Sarah Waylanda, Myfanwy Maplea, Kathy McKaya & Geoffrey Glassocka
    This review explores hope for families of missing people.
  • What about me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister
    US Department of Justice
    This publication is the effort of those who have lived the nightmare of losing a sister or brother. Eight siblings joined with the Office of Justice Programs to write this guide.
  • Cross-border parental child abduction in the European Union
    Dr. Lukas HECKENDORN URSCHELER, Dr. Ilaria PRETELL
    This study aims at analysing the international, European and national legal framework applicable to cross-border parental child abduction, with a view to proposing recommendations for the improvement of the current system.
  • Behind the Curtains of International Child Abduction Proceedings
    Anca Crihana, Anca-Raluca Sas & Tudor-Cristian Ciobanu
    Have you ever heard about parents abducting their own child to another country? A parent takes away his child from the other parent or he refuses to return the child. What about the child’s best interests? What does the child actually want? What is his/her perspective on the abduction? Is it important to hear the voice of the child? Should the judge give weight to his/her testimony?
  • Breaking the cycle: Collaborating and behaving differently to improve the outcomes and experiences of missing children
    Kerry Wade
    The purpose of this paper is to explore how, by encouraging all key stakeholders to “play nicely and act maturely” to share responsibility, the author was able to improve outcomes for children reported missing to Gwent Police. The paper shows that sharing responsibility is a critical factor in such collaboration, requiring people and agencies to let go of power that usually interferes with a preparedness to avoid blame, a willingness to enjoy the rewards of success and together manage the risks.
  • Haunting Argentina: Synecdoche in the protests of mothers of the Plaza de Mayo
    Karen A. Foss
    This essay analyzes the protests of the Mothers by means of the metaphor of haunting and suggest that their symbols‐diapers as kerchiefs, slogans and sayings, circling the plaza, and marches‐enact a haunting by means of synecdoche.
  • Looking back: 15 years of prevention and responses to missing children in the European Union
    Delphine Moralis
    In 2001, the Council of the European Union adopted a Resolution on the contribution of civil society in finding missing or sexually exploited children under the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the EU. The Resolution coincided with the launch at the European Parliament of the European Federation for Missing and Sexually Exploited Children - now operating under the name Missing Children Europe. It also announced the beginning of a series of initiatives taken at the level of the EU to protect children from going missing. Measures taken over the past 15 years have included legislation, policy and funding, often promoting a public private partnerships response involving a broad range of stakeholders at different levels. The presentation will outline and contextualise some of these key European initiatives and their impact at national level, including the latest data on the caseload of hotlines for missing children reachable in 29 European countries through the same European telephon
  • Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
    Lanzarote committee
    Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
  • Once missing - Never forgotten?
    Mette Drivsholm, Delphine Moralis, Dr. Karen Shalev-Greene, Dr. Penny Woolnough
    To date, few attempts have been made to evaluate the effectiveness of publicity campaigns, all of which were carried out in the USA. While scarce, the research tends to reveal disappointing results and suggest that publicity appeals don’t necessarily positively impact the investigation or search. The dissemination of images of missing children furthermore raises potential issues regarding the impact that it may have on the protection of the child’s privacy and overall wellbeing. Others however argue that appeals can help to gather vital information from the public and safeguard children at risk, with Child Alert systems in particular having been credited for safeguarding missing children (OJJPD, 2016). These views call for further research to ensure the effectiveness of publicity appeals in their potential of saving lives, while limiting the negative impact for missing children and their families.
  • Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research
    Ravi Shankar B. G., Ravindra D.Gadkar
    This paper reviews the research that has investigated the relationship between family factors and runaway incidence of Children. It also examines the prominent theories to understand runaway phenomena. It aims to assist practitioners and policy makers who work with children and families to make evidence informed decisions
  • The European hotline number for missing children: A practical guide for hotline operators
    Missing Children Europe
    It contains key recommendations and examples of existing practices that every NGO running, or wishing to run, the 116000 hotline can draw inspiration from and make use of.
  • Running the Risks: The links between gang involvement and young people going missing
    Rachel Sturrock and Lucy Holmes
    The UK Missing Persons Bureau estimates that as many as 160,000 children and young people are reported missing every year. Research from the Children’s Society over the past decade has shed some light on this issue and the recent spotlight on CSE has pushed the issue of children and young people going missing up the political agenda. However, the link between gang involvement and going missing from home is still very much unknown, with no specific research or national data collected indicating how many are affected.
  • Ambiguous Loss and Its Effects on Children: Implications and Interventions for School Counselors
    K Guidry, C. Simpson, T Test, C Bloomfield
    The purpose of this article is to define and describe the concept of grief and how it may explain challenging behaviors with students. Additionally, this definition will be expanded by introducing the definition of ambiguous grief.
  • Whose child now? Fifteen years of working to prevent the sexual exploitation of children in the UK
    Stacey, L.
    Report exploring the continuing hidden nature of the problem of sexually exploited children and describes what Barnardo's is doing today, while suggesting what action still remains to be taken to further protect exploited children and young people.
  • Understanding Child Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Micro and Macro Level Analysis
    Azhar Abu-Ali, Mona Al-Bahar
    Tackles social aspects of child trafficking including the phenomenon of the feminization of trafficking, and the psychological consequences experienced by the child survivor.
  • Sexual Exploitation: "Internal Trafficking" of Children and Young People at risk in the North East and Cumbria
    Cavener, J
    Study exploring the internal trafficking of children and young people for the purpose of sexual exploitation across the North East and Cumbria.
  • The value of crime scripting: deconstructing internal child sex trafficking
    Brayley, H., Cockbain, E., & Laycock, G
    Explores how Crime Scripting can benefit crime investigations. This method has recently been used for investigations regarding child sex trafficking.
  • Still Hidden
    Nicola Sharp
    The article underlines and explores the possible link between children that go missing and child sexual exploitation.
  • Meeting the Needs of Sexually Exploited Young People in London
    Harper, Z, & Scott, S
    A research report based on interviews with social services on the issue of child trafficking, in the UK.
  • Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases
    Craig J. R. Collie, Karen Shalev Greene
    he Routine Activity Theory construct of capable guardianship is used to examine the features of 78 cases of stranger child abduction, using an outcome-based approach to establishing the effectiveness of various potential sources of guardianship in preventing abduction attempts from becoming completed, and to test widely held and taught beliefs on this subject.
  • Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
    Susanna Greijer and Jaap Doek
    Communication is of critical importance in our efforts to respect, protect and implement the rights of the child. In order to make this communication with and between children, parents, governmental officials, professionals and volunteers working with or for children as effective as possible, we need to use terms and concepts that all these actors understand and consider respectful.
  • Heading back to harm A study on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
    Andrea Simon, Chloe Setter,Lucy Holmes
    This research attempts to quantify the number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and children who may be trafficked in the UK care system, as well as the number who go missing from care.
  • The link between: Trafficked children and missing
    Every year approximately 250,000 people are reported missing to the police and other agencies across the UK. About two thirds of these reports will be children under 18 (Home Office: 2010), and a proportion of will have been victims of trafficking.
  • A survey on the transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on combating sexual absue and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography
    Missing Children Europe, ECPAT, eNasco
    The main objective of the project was to compare the choice of ‘methods and strategies’ developed by Member States in order to achieve the binding results defined by the Directive and to assess them based on the best interests of the child.
  • Children on the Move, Family Tracing and Needs Assessment - Guidelines for Better Cooperation between Professionals Dealing With Unaccompanied Foreign Children in Europe - relatorio da IJJO
    Anon
    The report suggests some practical steps to favour the creation of a more connected network of practitioners and associations, to foster cooperation in practice as well as on a more strategic level.
  • Sans Papiers- The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants
    Alice Bloch, Nando Sigona, Roger Zetter
    Sans Papiers combines a contemporary account of the theoretical and policy debates with an in-depth exploration of the lived experiences of undocumented migrants in the UK from Zimbabwe, China, Brazil, Ukraine and Turkish Kurdistan.
  • Protecting undocumented children: Promising policies and practices from governments
    PICUM
    Focusing on the areas of education, health care, protection from violence and non-detention, this report seeks to support and disseminate such policies, by presenting several promising examples from governments at all levels, alongside some available data and relevant policy documents at EU level.
  • UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’
    UNICEF
    UNICEF has concerns about the situation and the protection of unaccompanied and separated children who may be returned to their country of origin. One of the main recommendations of the report is that return policies should be made child proof and in line with children's rights.
  • Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France
    NSPCC’s Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC)
    Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France
  • Hidden in Plain Sight: A statistical analysis of violence against children
    UNICEF
    The report sheds light on the prevalence of different forms of violence against children, with global figures and data from 190 countries. Where relevant, data are disaggregated by age and sex, to provide insights into risk and protective factors.