Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

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Missing Children Publication Hub

Child Trafficking

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Guidance for professionals working with children who may have been trafficked (by Anon)



Guidance on how professionals should act when in contact with young children that been trafficked.



SIMILAR
  • Child Exploitation in the 21st Century
    Child Exploitation in the 21st Century by Daniel D. Broughton
    New technology has changed how adults take advantage of children with a variety of new tools available. Victimisation has taken on new characteristics and internet, digital photography and ease of travel have all had an impact.
  • Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system
    Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system by Rowena Fong, Jodi Berger Cardoso
    An overall analysis and overview of child trafficking in the USA.
  • Guardianship for Children Deprived of Parental Care
    Guardianship for Children Deprived of Parental Care by Anon
    Handbook designed to help standardise guardianship practice, ensuring also that it is better equipped to deal with the specific needs of child victims of trafficking.
  • Lost kids, lost futures. The European Union's response to Child Trafficking
    Lost kids, lost futures. The European Union's response to Child Trafficking by Mirjam Van Reisen, Ana Stefanovic
    Paper looking at how the European Union (EU) has chosen to respond to this challenge and assesses critically the legal, policy and implementation framework put in place to fight child trafficking.
  • Trafficking of Children in Albania: Patterns of Recruitment and Reintegration
    Trafficking of Children in Albania: Patterns of Recruitment and Reintegration by Eglantina Gjermeni, Mary P.Van Hook, Saemira Gjipali, Lindita Xhillari, Fatjon Lungu, Anila Hazizi
    Study to identify the patterns of child trafficking involving Albanian children, and especially children's views of the role of family issues and the nature of the trafficking experience.
  • A Broad Vision to Put Children First : Child Trafficking in Europe
    A Broad Vision to Put Children First : Child Trafficking in Europe by UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
    Child trafficking occurs in virtually all countries in Europe. Children are trafficked across borders, but they are also trafficked within countries. Internal trafficking is reported to occur in every second European country.
  • Study on high-risk groups for trafficking in human beings
    Study on high-risk groups for trafficking in human beings by Alessandra Cancedda (Ecorys), Barbara De Micheli (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini), Dafina Dimitrova (Ecorys) and Brigitte Slot (Ecorys)
    his study is a deliverable of the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012-2016, which recognised that vulnerable groups, such as children, are at greater risk of human trafficking.
  • Precious Children in a Heartless World? The Complexities of Child Trafficking in Marseille
    Precious Children in a Heartless World? The Complexities of Child Trafficking in Marseille by Brenda Carina Oude Breuil
    Examines how implicit notions in the concepts of "children" and "home" influence the study of child trafficking.
  • Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011)
    Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011) by Anon
    Review of TDH campaign including evaluations, publications and views of TDH staff. Campaign against child trafficking and improvements in methods and programmes to reduce child trafficking and improve protection of children who had been trafficked.
  • Child Trafficking in the EU - Challenges, perspectives and good practices
    Child Trafficking in the EU - Challenges, perspectives and good practices by Anon
    Report identifying that the EU must provide better legislation to combat child trafficking and that the protection and care of victims must be improved.
  • Strategic Threat Assessment on Child Trafficking in the UK
    Strategic Threat Assessment on Child Trafficking in the UK by Anon
    Report providing an assessment of national strategic trends, informs police, UKBA, children's services, NGOs. Aids prevention and prosecution of those exploiting children. Recommends partnerships between agencies and best practice.
  • Falling Through the Gaps: Safeguarding Children Trafficked into the UK
    Falling Through the Gaps: Safeguarding Children Trafficked into the UK by Bokhari, F
    Overview of child trafficking in the UK. Highlights the shortcomings and inconsistent standards of local authorities, the lack of specialist protection and the uncertainty of a trafficked child's immigration status, combining to make these children vulnerable to further harm and at risk from the influence of their traffickers.
  • Kids as Commodities? Child trafficking and what to do about it
    Kids as Commodities? Child trafficking and what to do about it by Mike Dottridge
    Report focusing on what NGOs can do, with the intention of showing them what techniques there are agreement on, and what need further discussion.
  • Moving children? Child trafficking, child migration, and child rights
    Moving children? Child trafficking, child migration, and child rights by Julia O'Connell Davidson
    An article aiming to update the reader with the latest information regarding the latest trends, themes and patterns in child trafficking.
  • The Presentation of Child Trafficking in the UK: An Old and New Moral Panic?
    The Presentation of Child Trafficking in the UK: An Old and New Moral Panic? by Cree, V. E, Clapton G and Smith M
    Explores the ways in which the highly emotive subject of child trafficking is presented in the UK. Examining the way the issue has been tackled at two moments in time: the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 21st century.
  • Mythologies and Panics: Twentieth Century Constructions of Child Prostitution
    Mythologies and Panics: Twentieth Century Constructions of Child Prostitution by Alyson Brown
    Examines twentieth century social constructions of child prostitutes and child prostitution, the origins of these representations and the extent to which they have been used as metaphors for other perceived social, economic and political problems.
  • Global Child Trafficking
    Global Child Trafficking by Beyrer, C
    Review of global child trafficking, severity, causes, documentation, what can be done and prevention from the perspective of the USA
  • Still in Harm's Way: An update report on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
    Still in Harm's Way: An update report on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK by ECPAT UK and Missing People
    Following on from their ground-breaking 2016 report Heading Back to Harm, leading charities ECPAT UK and Missing People have revisited the issue using 2017 data to assess what has changed. This report shows that trafficked and unaccompanied children are still going missing from care at an alarmingly high rate.
  • Identifying child victims of trafficking. Towards solutions and resolutions
    Identifying child victims of trafficking. Towards solutions and resolutions by Elzbieta M. Gozdziak
    Tackles the challenges of identifying trafficked children and offers recommandations in order to advance toward solutions and resolutions.
  • Rumours of Child Trafficking after Natural Disasters
    Rumours of Child Trafficking after Natural Disasters by Heather Montgomery
    Article reviewing how rumours of child trafficking have surfaced quickly after every major natural disaster since the Asian tsunami (although usually proved false or exaggerated).
  • A handbook on planning projects to prevent child trafficking
    A handbook on planning projects to prevent child trafficking by Mike Dottridge
    A handbook aimed at strengthening the protection of children and addressing the needs of children victim of child trafficking.
  • "Exploring Internal Child Sex Trafficking Networks Using Social Network Analysis" by Eleanor Cockbain, Helen Brayley, Gloria Laycock
    A study using social network analysis to explore internal trafficking of children intended for sexual exploitation.
  • Breaking the wall of silence: practitioners' responses to trafficked children and young people
    Breaking the wall of silence: practitioners' responses to trafficked children and young people by Pearce, J. J., Hynes, P., and Bovarnick, S.
    Review of international and UK literature, report on focus groups and interviews of practitioners from children's services, analysis of children and young people trafficked into the UK and within the UK for sexual exploitation.
  • Kids abroad: ignore them, abuse them or protect them?
    Kids abroad: ignore them, abuse them or protect them? by Mike Dottridge
    Focuses on the experience of young people who leave home or travel abroad to seek work or a better life and also on children who are sent away from home by their parents. It explores initiatives that reduce the likelihood that such children will be subjected to exploitation.
  • Haunted: Treatment of a Child Survivor of Human Trafficking
    Haunted: Treatment of a Child Survivor of Human Trafficking by Bennett-Murphy
    Article examines challenges in the treatment of child survivors of human trafficking. Integrating psychoanalytic theory with models of self-development from the cognitive developmental psychology literature, the paper offers a clinical case presentation of an 11-year-old survivor
  • Working with Trafficked Children and Young People: Complexities in Practice
    Working with Trafficked Children and Young People: Complexities in Practice by Pearce, J. J
    Argues for a review of children's services responses to trafficked children based on a literature search, focus groups, interviews and case studies. Highlights variations in practitioners understanding of trafficking, smuggling, internal trafficking.
  • What YOU can do to protect children on the move
    What YOU can do to protect children on the move by Mike Dottridge
    Handbook to enable organisations to review how they prevent child trafficking and exploitation, and whether they ensure that the best interests of the child guide their activities
  • Protection of children and vulnerable adults: police disclosure of damaging allegations
    Protection of children and vulnerable adults: police disclosure of damaging allegations by Bennion, F. A
    Explores the nature and methods of abuse in child trafficking. It also explores the protection and treatment offered to these vulnerable children.
  • Missing Out: A study of child trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands
    Missing Out: A study of child trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands by Beddoe, C
    Interviews with social services, other agencies and voluntary sector organisations. Across the three regions there were 80 reported cases of known or suspected child victims of trafficking. 60% of these children have gone missing from social services care and have never been found.
  • Understanding Child Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Micro and Macro Level Analysis
    Understanding Child Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Micro and Macro Level Analysis by Azhar Abu-Ali, Mona Al-Bahar
    Tackles social aspects of child trafficking including the phenomenon of the feminization of trafficking, and the psychological consequences experienced by the child survivor.
  • Sexual Exploitation:
    Sexual Exploitation: "Internal Trafficking" of Children and Young People at risk in the North East and Cumbria by Cavener, J
    Study exploring the internal trafficking of children and young people for the purpose of sexual exploitation across the North East and Cumbria.
  • The value of crime scripting: deconstructing internal child sex trafficking
    The value of crime scripting: deconstructing internal child sex trafficking by Brayley, H., Cockbain, E., & Laycock, G
    Explores how Crime Scripting can benefit crime investigations. This method has recently been used for investigations regarding child sex trafficking.
  • The role of central authorities in the application of the 1980 Hague Convention on child abduction: A critical analysis of a genuine area of public international law
    The role of central authorities in the application of the 1980 Hague Convention on child abduction: A critical analysis of a genuine area of public international law by Dr. Kutlay TELLİ
    This article mainly intends to provide a roadmap for Central Authorities regarding the return requests within the meaning of the Hague Convention
  • The effectiveness of victim resistance strategies against stranger child abduction:an analysis of attempted and completed cases
    The effectiveness of victim resistance strategies against stranger child abduction:an analysis of attempted and completed cases by Karen Shalev Greene
    This article examines resistance strategies thought to reduce the likelihood that a child will be able to overcome an attempted stranger child abduction event.
  • The Hague Child Abduction Convention: A Critical Analysis
    The Hague Child Abduction Convention: A Critical Analysis by Rhona Schuz
    Provides an up-to-date discussion of the international operation of the Abduction Convention together with in-depth critical academic analysis in light of the objectives of the Convention and other relevant legal norms, such as the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • Examining 19 years of officially reported child abduction incidents (1995–2013): employing a four category typology of abduction
    Examining 19 years of officially reported child abduction incidents (1995–2013): employing a four category typology of abduction by Jeffrey A. Walsha, Jessie L. Krienerta, Cayla L. Comensa
    Child abduction has generated extensive media attention due to deep-seated fear elicited by infamous incidents. This study emphasizes differences across abductors/victims in a four category relationship-based typology, including a newer category – ‘intimate partner abductions’.
  • Commercial child sexual exploitation online
    Commercial child sexual exploitation online by Anon
    Youtube video actors providing real statement s by a victim and an abuser, of child sexual abuse
  • International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law
    International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law by Tamás Dezső Ziegler
    This article summarizes the background of child abduction cases related to Hungary, giving a comprehensive analysis of such cases between the period of 2000 and 2014.
  • The wellbeing of children in cases of international child abduction
    The wellbeing of children in cases of international child abduction by Hilde Demarré
    Presentation ''The wellbeing of children in cases of international child abduction'' was delivered at the conference was organised by the School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, partnered with the Centre for the Study of Missing Persons at Portsmouth University and sponsored by WPC Software and the UK Missing Person’s Unit.
  • Best practice for launching a cross-border child abduction alert
    Best practice for launching a cross-border child abduction alert by Anon
    Describes and documents, based on experiences in several Member States, the key elements of a "child abduction alert" mechanism.
  • PREVENTION SYSTEM FOR CHILD ABDUCTION BY USING IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHM ON INTEL GALILEO BOARD
    PREVENTION SYSTEM FOR CHILD ABDUCTION BY USING IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHM ON INTEL GALILEO BOARD by NOOR HASNI BINTI ABD HADI, HARIYANTI BINTI MOHD SALEH & SALINA BINTI MOHD ASI
    This paper describes a real-time system based on image processing algorithms by using Active Appearance Model technique for alignment process. The motivation of this research is the need for reducing children abduction cases.
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection? by Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection? In so doing it also reflects on whether a summary return mechanism can continue to accord with twenty-first century expectations and norms.
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection? by Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection?
  • International Parental Child Abduction and Mediation
    International Parental Child Abduction and Mediation by Nuria González Martín
    The goal of this article is, first, to analyze the operation of the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction in the context of its Guide to Good Practice on Mediation to determine whether such guide will promote Mediation as a useful method for family conflict resolution in cases of international child abduction by one of the parents.
  • The Amber Alert: Appropriate solution to preventing child abduction?
    The Amber Alert: Appropriate solution to preventing child abduction? by Zgoba, K.
    Outlines the history and activation process of the Amber Alert, as well as the challenges and advantages experienced by the agencies involved.
  • Behind the Curtains of International Child Abduction Proceedings
    Behind the Curtains of International Child Abduction Proceedings by Anca Crihana, Anca-Raluca Sas & Tudor-Cristian Ciobanu
    Have you ever heard about parents abducting their own child to another country? A parent takes away his child from the other parent or he refuses to return the child. What about the child’s best interests? What does the child actually want? What is his/her perspective on the abduction? Is it important to hear the voice of the child? Should the judge give weight to his/her testimony?
  • Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases
    Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases by Craig J. R. Collie, Karen Shalev Greene
    he Routine Activity Theory construct of capable guardianship is used to examine the features of 78 cases of stranger child abduction, using an outcome-based approach to establishing the effectiveness of various potential sources of guardianship in preventing abduction attempts from becoming completed, and to test widely held and taught beliefs on this subject.
  • Children's rights, as they see them
    Children's rights, as they see them by Anon
    Eurobarometer study of young people in all 27 member states of the EU which identified the most important issues in terms of their rights and the rights of children in general and the various obstacles children face in exercising these rights.



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