Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

Unaccompanied Migrant Children
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  • Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention
    Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention
  • "Safeguarding unaccompanied migrant children from going missing by identifying good practices and training actors on interagency cooperation"
    Federica Toscano
    The SUMMIT projects look especially into interagency cooperation between reception centres, guardians, law enforcement and 116 000 hotlines for missing children in prevention and response to the disappearance of unaccompanied children.
  • Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) and the International Detention Coalition (IDC), Monitoring Immigration Detention: Practical Manual
    Eve Lester
    The rights to liberty and security of person are fundamental human rights, reflected in the international prohibition on arbitrary detention, and supported by the right to freedom of movement. While States have the right to control the entry and stay of non-nationals on their territory, this right needs to be exercised while respecting refugee and human rights law standards.
  • Beyond Detention: A Global Strategy to support governments to end the detention of asylum-seeker and refugees
    Putting people in detention has become a routine – rather than exceptional – response to the irregular entry or stay of asylum-seekers and migrants in a number of countries. Some governments view detention as a means to dissuade irregular migration to or applying for asylum in their territories. While acknowledging that irregular entry or stay may present many challenges to States, detention is not the answer.
  • Bulgaria: progress needed to better protect children, improve media freedom and uphold the human rights of migrants
    Counsil of Europe
    Referring to reported cases of violence perpetrated in several types of institutions for children, both among children and by adults, the Commissioner called on the Bulgarian authorities to investigate such allegations and protect children from further harm.
  • Children on the move
    Andrea Vonkeman
  • Children's rights must be a priority in the strategic guidelines
    This submission's aim is to raise awareness among EU countries in Children disappearances especially those affected by migration. More support is needed by creating institutions that will help them.
  • Connections between actors involved in reception and protection of children
    Nadine Finch
    The research looked at law and practice in Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom and one of the three particular areas of research was the disappearance of unaccompanied and separated migrant and trafficked children.
  • Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid
    Dr Helen Connolly, Ilona Pinter
    A new report by The Children's Society "Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid" finds that the removal of legal aid for most immigration cases means that many children, including those in local authority care, are at risk of abuse or exploitation because their immigration status cannot be resolved, increasing their vulnerability.
  • Disappearing, departing, running away. A surfeit of children in Europe
    Study carried out in Belgium, France, Spain and Switzerland on the disappearances of unaccompanied foreign minors placed in institutions. This publication seeks to contribute ways of improving the care of unaccompanied foreign minors arriving in European countries.
  • Heading back to harm A study on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
    Andrea Simon, Chloe Setter,Lucy Holmes
    This research attempts to quantify the number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and children who may be trafficked in the UK care system, as well as the number who go missing from care.
  • How to ensure undocumented migrants’ right to housing and shelter
    PICUM together with FEANTSA and EAPN launch their new report outlining strategies and good practices to overcome barriers for undocumented migrants to access housing and shelter.
  • I Minori Vittimi Di Tratta E Sfruttamento: Chi Sono, Da Dove Vengono E Chi Lucra Su Di Loro
    Viviana Coppola, Eva Lo Iacono
    I bambini e gli adolescenti vittime di lavoro forzato nel mondo - un fenomeno più ampio della tratta e in alcuni casi connesso - sono 168 milioni; tra questi 85 milioni svolgono lavori altamente rischiosi per la loro salute e sicurezza, come il lavoro in agricoltura, in miniera, nell’edilizia o nelle fabbriche.
  • Media-Friendly Glossary on Migration
    Offers journalists a media-friendly glossary of terms in multiple languages to ensure specificity and accuracy in their word choice
  • Missing Migrants in the Mediterranean: Addressing the Humanitarian Crisis
    The report details the findings of the ESRC funded Mediterranean Missing project, which was launched as part of a wider £1 million ESRC research programme, in response to the ongoing humanitarian crisis. Over a period of 12 months a team of researchers worked on the Greek island of Lesbos and in Sicily, Italy - the two main entry points for migrants and refugees into Europe and where a large number of boats carrying migrants have sunk in recent years - and looked at how the authorities deal with the bodies of migrants. They interviewed a range of relevant actors, including local authority employees, NGOs, coastguards, coroners, and funeral office staff, as well as families of missing migrants from Tunisia, Syria and Iraq, to understand their experience.
  • Missing, Lost, and Displaced Children in Postwar Germany: The Great Struggle to Provide for the War’s Youngest Victims
    Michelle Mouton
    This article explores the struggle to locate, identify, and provide for missing, lost, and displaced German children after 1945.
  • New approaches, alternative avenues and means of access to asylum procedures for persons seeking international protection
    European Parliament
    Upon request by the LIBE committee, this study examines the workings of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), in order to assess the need and potential for new approaches to ensure access to protection for people seeking it in the EU, including joint processing and distribution of asylum seekers.
  • Policies, practices and data on unaccompanied minors in the EU Member States
    European Commission
    All policies relating to unaccompanied minors released by the European Commission.
  • Practical guidance on preventing and responding to unaccompanied children going missing
    Federica Toscano, Delphine Moralis, Jan Murk, Rebecca O’Donnell
    This handbook aims to stimulate and disseminate practices on how to better cooperate in prevention, response and after care of missing unaccompanied children.
  • Promoting Inclusion for Unaccompanied Young Asylum Seekers and Immigrants: A DUTY OF JUSTICE AND CARE
    Terry Smith
    The report of a two year transnational project involving government, local authorities NGOs and young asylum seekers.
    Karin Fagerholm, Rhea Verheul
    Children on the move face many safety risks and concerns and when Europe is not proving able to handle the influx of migrants from a child rights perspective, these risks become even more severe. The European Ombudspersons for Children (ENOC) therefore decided to develop this report, to establish an overview of the current safety risks for children on the move in Europe and of the degree to which they have access to their rights, both while travelling to and through Europe and upon arrival in their country of destination.
  • Sans Papiers- The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants
    Alice Bloch, Nando Sigona, Roger Zetter
    Sans Papiers combines a contemporary account of the theoretical and policy debates with an in-depth exploration of the lived experiences of undocumented migrants in the UK from Zimbabwe, China, Brazil, Ukraine and Turkish Kurdistan.
  • SUMMIT REPORT: Best practices and key challenges on interagency cooperation to safeguard unaccompanied children from going missing
    Federica Toscano, Karen Shalev Greene
    According to Europol, 10,000 unaccompanied migrant children have disappeared within hours of being registered and only a handful have been found since. The study calls for improved cooperation between law enforcement, social workers in shelters and reception centres, guardians, hotlines for missing children and other parties to better prevent and respond to the disappearance of unaccompanied children.
  • The educational integration of separated minors: a comparison of the situations in France and Quebec
    Eva Lemaire
    It investigates the educational experiences of thirty-two separated children (unaccompanied minors seeking refuge) in two different regions: the Ile-de-France (Paris) region of France and the province of Quebec in Canada.
  • The long wait: Filling data gaps relating to refugees and displaced people in Calais camp
    A team of 20 researchers conducted a survey investigating the Calais camp’s demographic composition, potential human rights violations occurring amongst the people currently living there, and their future aspirations and plans.
  • Thematic focus: Family tracing and family reunification
    Fundamental Rights Agency
    This section looks at the fundamental rights implications of the following practices in more detail: Recent legislative changes Family tracing Family reunification Dublin requests
  • Undocumented Children in Europe: Invisible Victims of Immigration Restrictions
    Luca Bicocchi, Michele LeVoy
    This report focuses on the needs of undocumented migrant minors across nine different EU countries.
  • UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’
    UNICEF has concerns about the situation and the protection of unaccompanied and separated children who may be returned to their country of origin. One of the main recommendations of the report is that return policies should be made child proof and in line with children's rights.
  • Unseen, unreported, unprotected: bringing Asylum Seekers and Refugees into the Missing and Child Sexual Exploitation Agendas
    Stela Stansfield and Chinyere Ajayi
    Anecdotal evidence has been gathered of children going missing but not reported to the police or any other services. Similarly, cases were identified of children who were being exploited but not known to services.
    Uprooted: The growing crisis for refugee and migrant children presents new data that paint a sad and sobering global picture of the lives and situations of millions of children and families affected by violent conflict and other crises that make it seem safer to risk everything on a perilous journey than to remain at home.
  • What YOU can do to protect children on the move
    Mike Dottridge
    Handbook to enable organisations to review how they prevent child trafficking and exploitation, and whether they ensure that the best interests of the child guide their activities