Ambiguous loss: a complicated type of grief when loved ones disappear
Pauline Boss, Janet R Yeats
Ambiguous loss is an unclear loss that continues without resolution or closure. The authors present six guidelines about meaning, mastery, identity, ambivalence, attachment, and hope.
Missing siblings: seeking more adequate social responses
Julie Clark, Jeni Warburton, Cheryl Tilse
This paper links knowledge of siblings, loss and grief to an understanding of this phenomenon. It presents the methodology and findings of an exploratory, qualitive study into the expériences of nine adult siblings of long-term missing people in Australia and presents the themes drawn from their account.
'You are going to drop the ball on this ...': using siblings' stories to inform better interprofessional practice when someone goes missing
The need for support from human services workers to complement the role of police is recognised as is the important role of non-government support and advocacy services.
Unresolved Loss: Issues in Working with Adults Whose Siblings were Kidnapped Years Ago
Geoffrey Greif, Duane T. Bowers
This article describes the common issues raised by five adults (18-60 years old) whose siblings were kidnapped during their childhood or in early adulthood.
Ambiguous Loss and Its Effects on Children: Implications and Interventions for School Counselors
K Guidry, C. Simpson, T Test, C Bloomfield
The purpose of this article is to define and describe the concept of grief and how it may explain challenging behaviors with students. Additionally, this definition will be expanded by introducing the definition of ambiguous grief.
When hope and grief intersect: Rates and risks of prolonged grief disorder among bereaved individuals and relatives of disappeared persons in Colombia
Carina Heeke, Nadine Stammel, Christine Knaevelsrud
This study investigates prolonged grief disorder and its risk factors in a sample of persons who lost a significant other to disappearance as compared with a sample of bereaved individuals, both groups having experienced displacement due to the armed conflict in Colombia.
Living in Limbo: The experiences of, and impacts on, the families of missing people
This small scale, exploratory study aimed to provide a rich and deep account of the ways in which a disappearance can affect a missing person’s family members.
When the Search is Over: Reconnecting missing children and adults
This project explored the ways in which missing people reconnect to family, carers or a place of safety, and makes recommendations for improvements in the way reconnections are facilitated and supported.
Life’s on Hold: Missing people, private calendars and waiting
This article presents the impact of someone being missing, by considering the role of time in three interrelated fashions.
“It’s the hope that hurts” Best practice in counselling models relevant to families and friends of missing persons
Hunter Institute of Mental Health
In early June of 2001 the families and friends of Missing persons unit operating within the NSW attorney General’s department out of the victims of Crime Bureau contracted the hunter institute of Mental health to investigate and report on best practice model/s relevant to families and friends of missing persons.
The Kosovo Family Support Project: Offering Psychosocial Support for Families with Missing Persons
Mary Ellen Keough, Margaret F. Samuels
This article presents a case that illustrates the vital role that social workers and other mental health and public health workers provided to support families following the 1999 conflict between Serb forces and Kosovar Albanians in Kosovo.
The Missing Link in Resilience Research
Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel
This article is a most comprehensive and important review of resilience research which presents an intellectual challenge to every scholar in this field.
Traumatic Loss in Children and Adolescents
Anthony P. Mannarino , Judith A. Cohen
This article discusses the distinctive features of CTG, how it is different from normal bereavement, how this condition is assessed, and promising treatments for children who experience a traumatic loss.
An Uncertain Hope: Missing People’s overview of the theory, research and learning about how it feels for families when a loved one goes missing
This guidance provides an overview of the currently available research, policy, knowledge and understanding about what it is really like to cope when someone you love is missing.
Family Feedback Survey Report
Missing People's annual Impact Report shows how we are meeting the needs of missing children, missing adults and their families across the UK.
Lessons from Australia: Developing a new counselling service for families when someone is missing
This report describes Helen's trip and the lessons she learned.
Families living with absence: Searching for missing people
Hester Parr and Olivia Stevenson
The report raises many relevant issues for working with families of missing people, but also highlights the need for families to have time and space to remember.
Ambiguous Loss in a Non-Western Context: Families of the Disappeared in Postconflict Nepal
Ambiguous loss is explored in a different cultural context through a study of the families of persons disappeared during Nepal's decade-long Maoist insurgency.
What about me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister
US Department of Justice
This publication is the effort of those who have lived the nightmare of losing a sister or brother. Eight siblings joined with the Office of Justice Programs to write this guide.
Supporting those who are left behind A counselling framework to support families of missing persons
Each year in Australia, 35,000 people are reported missing to police. For every missing person’s case reported, at least 12 people are affected whether it is emotionally, psychologically, physically or financially. That means that a significantly large number of people will endure the trauma associated with the unresolved loss of a loved one.
Holding on to hope: A review of the literature exploring missing persons, hope and ambiguous loss
Sarah Waylanda, Myfanwy Maplea, Kathy McKaya & Geoffrey Glassocka
This review explores hope for families of missing people.
The Trauma and Complicated Grief of Ambiguous Loss
Ambiguous loss is a newly identified type of loss that occurs when a loved one is physically present, but psychologically absent. Dementia is just one example.
Healing loss, ambiguity, and trauma: a community-based intervention with families of union workers missing after the 9/11 attack in New York City
Pauline Boss, Lorraine Beaulieu, Elizabeth Wieling, William Turner and Shulaika LaCruz
A team of therapists from Minnesota and New York workied with labor union families of workers gone missing on September 11, 2001, after the attack on the World Trade Center.
Loss, Trauma and Resilience : Therapeutic Work with Ambiguous Loss
Pauline Boss, the principal theorist of the concept of ambiguous loss, guides clinicians in the task of building resilience in clients who face the trauma of loss without resolution. Boss describes a concrete therapeutic approach that is at once directive and open to the complex contexts in which people find meaning and discover hope in the face of ambiguous losses
Read about the Guardianship consultation and other latest developments relating to missing
The impact of missing a loved one: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative research
"Lonneke Lenferink, Prof. Dr. Jos de Keijser, Prof. Dr. Paul Boelen, Dr. Ineke Wessel, Doety de Vries "
Is it possible to create a theoretical framework for those who are missing a loved one on the basis of the loss-related frameworks? And what are the clinical consequences for this framework?
A cognitive behavioral intervention for emotional distress among loved ones of missing persons
Prof. Dr. Jos de Keijser, Lonneke Lenferink, Prof. Dr. Paul Boelen
In the current study, we examined to what extent these interventions can be useful in the treatment of persistent distress among loved ones of missing persons.
Informing, including and supporting young people when a loved one is missing
Young people are often the forgotten ‘victims’ in the presence of trauma. When a loved one is missing, young people may be the silent onlookers who are quickly whisked out of sight. Their questions may remain unanswered, in an attempt to avoid distress, to protect their ‘innocence’, or out of impotence to find the right words or explanation; but at what cost to the ongoing emotional well-being of the young person?
‘We look at it through a different lens’ How a shared hope between the left behind and those who investigate can enhance the wellbeing of families of missing people.
"Sarah Wayland, Dr Kathy McKay, Dr Geoffrey Glassock "
Families interviewed for the purposes of an Australian based narrative inquiry study exploring hope and ambiguous loss referred to the police as both “hope enablers” and “hope detractors” in their response to loss.