Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

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Missing Children Publication Hub

Child Trafficking

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Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union (by )



The research looks at how existing systems respond to the particular needs and vulnerabilities of presumed or identified child victims, or children at risk of trafficking and exploitation, such as unaccompanied children. This comparative report helps to understand better the strengths and weaknesses of national guardianship systems and may also assist decision makers to take measures to promote the effective protection of all children.

Guardians are a key element of a protection system for children who are temporarily or permanently deprived of their family environment and cannot have their interests represented by their parents. There are great disparities between the types of guardianship provided to children in and within European Union (EU) Member States. To support Member States in addressing the challenges identified, FRA, in cooperation with the European Commission, developed a handbook, published in 2014, aiming to contribute to the protection of child victims and to the prevention of child trafficking.



SIMILAR
  • Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases
    Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases by Craig J. R. Collie, Karen Shalev Greene
    he Routine Activity Theory construct of capable guardianship is used to examine the features of 78 cases of stranger child abduction, using an outcome-based approach to establishing the effectiveness of various potential sources of guardianship in preventing abduction attempts from becoming completed, and to test widely held and taught beliefs on this subject.
  • International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law
    International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law by Tamás Dezső Ziegler
    This article summarizes the background of child abduction cases related to Hungary, giving a comprehensive analysis of such cases between the period of 2000 and 2014.
  • “Child Alert”:  public information dissemination of child disappearances
    “Child Alert”: public information dissemination of child disappearances by Veerle Pashley, Els Enhus, Mark Leys
    This report describes the communication trajectory of the Belgian NGO “Child Focus”.
  • Children's rights, as they see them
    Children's rights, as they see them by Anon
    Eurobarometer study of young people in all 27 member states of the EU which identified the most important issues in terms of their rights and the rights of children in general and the various obstacles children face in exercising these rights.
  • The SIAMSECT files
    The SIAMSECT files by Vermuelen, G., Balcaen, A., Di Nicola, A., & Cauduro, A.
    Development of EU template and collection plan for statistical information and analysis on missing and sexually exploited children and trafficking in human beings in order to have reliable and comparable collection and analysis of indicators and other data, as well as enabling communication between EU, other EU bodies and third party organisations.
  • Trafficking in Women and Children for Sexual Purposes: A Growing Threat in Europe
    Trafficking in Women and Children for Sexual Purposes: A Growing Threat in Europe by Manion, K
    Presents and summarises sources of information regarding the trafficking of women and children for sexual purposes within Europe. Highlights the need for education of social care professionals regarding this issue and shows the current gaps within the system.
  • European commission communication on protecting children in migration
    European commission communication on protecting children in migration by European Commission
    European commission communication on protecting children in migration
  • European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
    European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018) by European Commission
    European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
  • Thematic focus: Family tracing and family reunification
    Thematic focus: Family tracing and family reunification by Fundamental Rights Agency
    This section looks at the fundamental rights implications of the following practices in more detail: Recent legislative changes Family tracing Family reunification Dublin requests
  • Forging a common path: A European approach to the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers
    Forging a common path: A European approach to the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers by International Rescue Committee Brussels Office
    The report argues that the EU is at a unique turning point at which it is vital to invest in the integration of people who have sought protection here, and that the institutions have a key role in putting this into practice. The implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan on Integration coming to an end in 2018, ongoing discussions about the restructuring of EU funding for integration and a new Commission in 2019 create an ideal moment to reflect on the shape and extent of future EU action on integration. After providing an overview of the current situation of refugees and asylum-seekers in the EU in Section II, the report aims to contribute to this process by highlighting good practices and suggesting some fundamental considerations informed by the IRC’s many decades of experience in supporting the integration of people seeking protection internationally, in the U.S. and in Europe.
  • From Europe to Afghanistan: Experiences of child returnees
    From Europe to Afghanistan: Experiences of child returnees by Save the children
    This report assesses the impact on children of being returned from Europe to Afghanistan. Through interviews with individual children, their parents or guardians, and with governmental and non-governmental actors, it builds a picture of children’s material, physical, legal and psychosocial safety during the returns process.
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection? by Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection? In so doing it also reflects on whether a summary return mechanism can continue to accord with twenty-first century expectations and norms.
  • The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection?
    The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection? by Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection?
  • Implementation Handbook: putting the investing in children recommendation into practice
    Implementation Handbook: putting the investing in children recommendation into practice by Eurochild
    The 2013 European Commission Recommendation “Investing in Children: Breaking the cycle of disadvantage” presented a comprehensive policy approach to child poverty and well-being. A new Implementation Handbook by Eurochild and its partners in the EU Alliance for Investing in Children, shows how member states can translate the policy guidelines into action.
  • Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
    Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe by Eurochild and SOS Children's Villages
    Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
  • Lost in Migration: Working together to protect children from disappearances, from European priorities to local realities
    Lost in Migration: Working together to protect children from disappearances, from European priorities to local realities by Missing Children Europe
    Challenges and progress in implementing the European Commission Communication on the Protection of Children in Migration: Providing effective protection and enhancing integration at local level.
  • Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics
    Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics by European Commission
    Collected and analysed data, and developed the basis to improve the mechanisms involved when children go missing in the 27 EU Member States.
  • Missing Children Memorandum to the EU
    Missing Children Memorandum to the EU by Delphine Moralis
    Recommendations on effective European strategies regarding the cross-border problem of missing children.
  • Reporter: A European divorce with children
    Reporter: A European divorce with children by Anon
    What happens to the kids when their parents, nationals of different EU states, go their separate ways? EuroparlTV examined the case of a French-German couple.
  • Cross-border parental child abduction in the European Union
    Cross-border parental child abduction in the European Union by Dr. Lukas HECKENDORN URSCHELER, Dr. Ilaria PRETELL
    This study aims at analysing the international, European and national legal framework applicable to cross-border parental child abduction, with a view to proposing recommendations for the improvement of the current system.
  • Looking back: 15 years of prevention and responses to missing children in the European Union
    Looking back: 15 years of prevention and responses to missing children in the European Union by Delphine Moralis
    In 2001, the Council of the European Union adopted a Resolution on the contribution of civil society in finding missing or sexually exploited children under the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the EU. The Resolution coincided with the launch at the European Parliament of the European Federation for Missing and Sexually Exploited Children - now operating under the name Missing Children Europe. It also announced the beginning of a series of initiatives taken at the level of the EU to protect children from going missing. Measures taken over the past 15 years have included legislation, policy and funding, often promoting a public private partnerships response involving a broad range of stakeholders at different levels. The presentation will outline and contextualise some of these key European initiatives and their impact at national level, including the latest data on the caseload of hotlines for missing children reachable in 29 European countries through the same European telephon
  • Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking
    Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking by Roberto Forin, International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and Claire Healy (ICMPD).
    Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking
  • A survey on the transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on combating sexual absue and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography
    A survey on the transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on combating sexual absue and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography by Missing Children Europe, ECPAT, eNasco
    The main objective of the project was to compare the choice of ‘methods and strategies’ developed by Member States in order to achieve the binding results defined by the Directive and to assess them based on the best interests of the child.
  • Protecting undocumented children: Promising policies and practices from governments
    Protecting undocumented children: Promising policies and practices from governments by PICUM
    Focusing on the areas of education, health care, protection from violence and non-detention, this report seeks to support and disseminate such policies, by presenting several promising examples from governments at all levels, alongside some available data and relevant policy documents at EU level.
  • Bulgaria: progress needed to better protect children, improve media freedom and uphold the human rights of migrants
    Bulgaria: progress needed to better protect children, improve media freedom and uphold the human rights of migrants by Counsil of Europe
    Referring to reported cases of violence perpetrated in several types of institutions for children, both among children and by adults, the Commissioner called on the Bulgarian authorities to investigate such allegations and protect children from further harm.
  • Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report “The protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: the strategies”
    Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report “The protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: the strategies” by Lanzarote committee
    In a new report, the Lanzarote Committee analyses the strategies used by 26 State Parties to protect children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust (extended family and persons close to the child who exercise influence over the child). According to the report, States Parties to the Council of Europe’s Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Convention) are undertaking effective steps in this field.
  • Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
    Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies by Lanzarote committee
    Lanzarote Committee’s second implementation report: Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
  • Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
    Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies by Lanzarote committee
    Protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust: The strategies
  • Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
    Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse by Susanna Greijer and Jaap Doek
    Communication is of critical importance in our efforts to respect, protect and implement the rights of the child. In order to make this communication with and between children, parents, governmental officials, professionals and volunteers working with or for children as effective as possible, we need to use terms and concepts that all these actors understand and consider respectful.



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