Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

Missing Children Publication Hub

Children in Migration

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Promoting Inclusion for Unaccompanied Young Asylum Seekers and Immigrants: A DUTY OF JUSTICE AND CARE (by Terry Smith)



According to Eurostat, more than 625,000 persons having applied for asylum in the EU in 2014, representing a 44% increase on the previous year and the highest number of applicants within the EU since the peak in 1992. 

Sadly, one of the European Social Network's (ESN's) key studies has never been more relevant today than when it was published over 10 years ago. Bringing together human rights agencies, government, immigration officers, social workers, managers, ombudsman, researchers and, crucially, young asylum seekers themselves, this two year Europe-wide programme examined the way young people were treated upon their arrival at borders in a number of European countries in terms of the justice and care systems, and what subsequently happened to them later.

Perhaps not surprisingly, one of the main findings was the confirmation that ‘the maintenance of immigration controls took precedence over the rights of children’.

Further the 2005 report highlighted a number of shortcomings:  

  • children were too often received into facilities designed for adults 
  • chidlren's participation and self-advocacy was limited
  • staff were often untrained
  • some young people were returned to their country of origin without proper safeguards.

Overall, it was concluded that the’ inconsistencies of countries' approaches to their asylum was of great concern’.



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    Working with Trafficked Children and Young People: Complexities in Practice by Pearce, J. J
    Argues for a review of children's services responses to trafficked children based on a literature search, focus groups, interviews and case studies. Highlights variations in practitioners understanding of trafficking, smuggling, internal trafficking.
  • A study of the communication channels used by migrants and asylum seekers in Italy, with a particular focus on online and social media
    A study of the communication channels used by migrants and asylum seekers in Italy, with a particular focus on online and social media by European Commission
    A study of the communication channels used by migrants and asylum seekers in Italy, with a particular focus on online and social media
  • Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration
    Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration by Anon
    It is designed to assist legal practitioners at national and European level, including lawyers, judges, prosecutors, border guards, immigration officials and others working with national authorities, as well as non-governmental organisations and other bodies.
  •  Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention
    Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention by UNHCR
    Guidelines on the Applicable Criteria and Standards relating to the Detention of Asylum-Seekers and Alternatives to Detention
  • Forging a common path: A European approach to the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers
    Forging a common path: A European approach to the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers by International Rescue Committee Brussels Office
    The report argues that the EU is at a unique turning point at which it is vital to invest in the integration of people who have sought protection here, and that the institutions have a key role in putting this into practice. The implementation of the European Commission’s Action Plan on Integration coming to an end in 2018, ongoing discussions about the restructuring of EU funding for integration and a new Commission in 2019 create an ideal moment to reflect on the shape and extent of future EU action on integration. After providing an overview of the current situation of refugees and asylum-seekers in the EU in Section II, the report aims to contribute to this process by highlighting good practices and suggesting some fundamental considerations informed by the IRC’s many decades of experience in supporting the integration of people seeking protection internationally, in the U.S. and in Europe.
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    Heading back to harm A study on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK by Andrea Simon, Chloe Setter,Lucy Holmes
    This research attempts to quantify the number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and children who may be trafficked in the UK care system, as well as the number who go missing from care.
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    Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking by Roberto Forin, International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) and Claire Healy (ICMPD).
    Trafficking along Migration Routes to Europe: Bridging the Gap between Migration, Asylum and Anti-Trafficking
  • Attitudes towards National Identity, Immigration and Refugees in Italy
    Attitudes towards National Identity, Immigration and Refugees in Italy by Social Change Initiative
    Attitudes towards National Identity, Immigration and Refugees in Italy
  • Moving children? Child trafficking, child migration, and child rights
    Moving children? Child trafficking, child migration, and child rights by Julia O'Connell Davidson
    An article aiming to update the reader with the latest information regarding the latest trends, themes and patterns in child trafficking.
  • Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) and the International Detention Coalition (IDC), Monitoring Immigration Detention: Practical Manual
    Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) and the International Detention Coalition (IDC), Monitoring Immigration Detention: Practical Manual by Eve Lester
    The rights to liberty and security of person are fundamental human rights, reflected in the international prohibition on arbitrary detention, and supported by the right to freedom of movement. While States have the right to control the entry and stay of non-nationals on their territory, this right needs to be exercised while respecting refugee and human rights law standards.
  • European commission communication on protecting children in migration
    European commission communication on protecting children in migration by European Commission
    European commission communication on protecting children in migration
  • European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
    European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018) by European Commission
    European Parliament resolution on the protection of children in migration (May 2018)
  • Media-Friendly Glossary on Migration
    Media-Friendly Glossary on Migration by Anon
    Offers journalists a media-friendly glossary of terms in multiple languages to ensure specificity and accuracy in their word choice
  • "Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid by Dr Helen Connolly, Ilona Pinter
    In April 2013, the Government implemented changes to the legal aid system which means that separated or unaccompanied migrant children - those without a parent or guardian in this country - are no longer be able to get free support with their immigration cases. The report focus on the issue.
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    Lost in Migration: Working together to protect children from disappearances, from European priorities to local realities by Missing Children Europe
    Challenges and progress in implementing the European Commission Communication on the Protection of Children in Migration: Providing effective protection and enhancing integration at local level.
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    There are alternatives: A handbook for preventing unnecessary immigration detention (revised edition) by International detention coalition
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  • Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France
    Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France by NSPCC’s Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC)
    Uprooted and unprotected: A multi-agency approach to safeguarding children forced into migration through northern France
  • Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe
    Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe by Eurochild and SOS Children's Villages
    Let children be children: Lessons from the Field on the Protection and Integration of Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe



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