Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

Missing Children Publication Hub

Parental Abduction

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The Need for Concentrated Jurisdiction in Handling Parental Child Abduction Cases in the United States (by Keelikolani Lee Ho)



Parental child abduction is a serious crime that has long-term psychological and traumatic effects on children and left-behind parents. The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction was created to protect children from the harmful effects of international abduction by encouraging their prompt return to their country of habitual residence. Unlike many other Contracting States to the Treaty, the United States provides a choice of forum for parents to file a case in either federal or state court. The United States’ granting of concurrent jurisdiction has been criticized as being too vast. Currently, the global trend among Contracting States is to “shrink the bench” and concentrate jurisdiction to a limited number of judges. The benefits of concentration are numerous and in line with the urgent nature of the Hague Convention. Taking examples from the international community, this comment explores the arguments for and against changing jurisdiction in the United States. This comment also provides a discussion of judicial best practices and stresses the need to expedite the return of abducted children.






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