Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

Bulgaria: progress needed to better protect children, improve media freedom and uphold the human rights of migrants (by Counsil of Europe)



Missing Children Publication Hub

Unaccompanied Migrant Children

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Referring to reported cases of violence perpetrated in several types of institutions for children, both among children and by adults, the Commissioner called on the Bulgarian authorities to investigate such allegations and protect children from further harm. “The introduction in 2012 of the National Preventive Mechanism run by the Ombudsman Office is a step in the right direction. However, it needs additional human and financial resources to be able to cover the existing 650 institutions where adults and children can be deprived of their liberty.”As concerns de-institutionalisation of children more generally, Bulgaria's efforts have led to a significant decrease in the number of children living in institutions since the beginning of the process in 2001. «However, the authorities should further strengthen their focus on measures to support families and prevent separation of children from their parents. Particular attention should be paid to avoid re-institutionalisation in smaller institutions that do not fully enable children to enjoy their right to live in the community».Bulgaria should also be more ambitious concerning de-institutionalisation of adults with disabilities, setting clear targets and time-frames for the implementation of the strategy it recently adopted in this field. Referring to the on-going reform of the legal capacity system, the Commissioner strongly encouraged the Bulgarian authorities to move forward and bring it in line with the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. "In addition to legislative changes, everything should be put in place to give persons with disabilities access to the necessary support to make decisions about where and with whom to live or what community services to access».



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    Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research by Ravi Shankar B. G., Ravindra D.Gadkar
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    The European hotline number for missing children: A practical guide for hotline operators by Missing Children Europe
    It contains key recommendations and examples of existing practices that every NGO running, or wishing to run, the 116000 hotline can draw inspiration from and make use of.
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    The UK Missing Persons Bureau estimates that as many as 160,000 children and young people are reported missing every year. Research from the Children’s Society over the past decade has shed some light on this issue and the recent spotlight on CSE has pushed the issue of children and young people going missing up the political agenda. However, the link between gang involvement and going missing from home is still very much unknown, with no specific research or national data collected indicating how many are affected.
  • Ambiguous Loss and Its Effects on Children: Implications and Interventions for School Counselors
    Ambiguous Loss and Its Effects on Children: Implications and Interventions for School Counselors by K Guidry, C. Simpson, T Test, C Bloomfield
    The purpose of this article is to define and describe the concept of grief and how it may explain challenging behaviors with students. Additionally, this definition will be expanded by introducing the definition of ambiguous grief.
  • Still Hidden
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    The article underlines and explores the possible link between children that go missing and child sexual exploitation.
  • Meeting the Needs of Sexually Exploited Young People in London
    Meeting the Needs of Sexually Exploited Young People in London by Harper, Z, & Scott, S
    A research report based on interviews with social services on the issue of child trafficking, in the UK.
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    This research attempts to quantify the number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and children who may be trafficked in the UK care system, as well as the number who go missing from care.
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    Every year approximately 250,000 people are reported missing to the police and other agencies across the UK. About two thirds of these reports will be children under 18 (Home Office: 2010), and a proportion of will have been victims of trafficking.
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    Children on the Move, Family Tracing and Needs Assessment - Guidelines for Better Cooperation between Professionals Dealing With Unaccompanied Foreign Children in Europe - relatorio da IJJO by Anon
    The report suggests some practical steps to favour the creation of a more connected network of practitioners and associations, to foster cooperation in practice as well as on a more strategic level.
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    Sans Papiers combines a contemporary account of the theoretical and policy debates with an in-depth exploration of the lived experiences of undocumented migrants in the UK from Zimbabwe, China, Brazil, Ukraine and Turkish Kurdistan.
  • UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’
    UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’ by UNICEF
    UNICEF has concerns about the situation and the protection of unaccompanied and separated children who may be returned to their country of origin. One of the main recommendations of the report is that return policies should be made child proof and in line with children's rights.
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    Putting people in detention has become a routine – rather than exceptional – response to the irregular entry or stay of asylum-seekers and migrants in a number of countries. Some governments view detention as a means to dissuade irregular migration to or applying for asylum in their territories. While acknowledging that irregular entry or stay may present many challenges to States, detention is not the answer.
  • Publication: Human Rights Indicators for Migrants and their Families
    Publication: Human Rights Indicators for Migrants and their Families by Pablo Ceriani Cernadas, Michele LeVoy, Lilana Keith, Luis Campos
    The working paper shows that the use of indicators for the human rights of migrants can facilitate and monitor progress and compliance with legal obligations; that the fulfilment of migrants’ rights is an essential tool for social integration in multicultural societies, and that migrants’ rights indicators promote evidence based policy-making.
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    International child abduction cases in Hungary: A comprehensive summary of statistics, legal framework and important case law by Tamás Dezső Ziegler
    This article summarizes the background of child abduction cases related to Hungary, giving a comprehensive analysis of such cases between the period of 2000 and 2014.
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    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection? In so doing it also reflects on whether a summary return mechanism can continue to accord with twenty-first century expectations and norms.
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    The European Court of Human Rights and the Hague Child Abduction Convention: Prioritising Return or Reflection? by Peter McEleavy
    This article analyses the Grand Chamber judgments in Neulinger and X v. Latvia and considers how compliance with Article 8 ECHR should be achieved in the application of the Hague Convention; prioritising return or reflection?



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