Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

If you'd like to share relevant research with us, please send the title, a link and description of the research to info@missingchildreneurope.eu.

Missing Children Publication Hub

Unaccompanied Migrant Children

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Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) and the International Detention Coalition (IDC), Monitoring Immigration Detention: Practical Manual (by Eve Lester)



The rights to liberty and security of person are fundamental human rights, reflected in the international prohibition on arbitrary detention, and supported by the right to freedom of movement. While States have the right to control the entry and stay of non-nationals on their territory, this right needs to be exercised while respecting refugee and human rights law standards.
Today the use of immigration detention as a migration management tool is on the rise in a large number of countries. The detention of asylumseekers and migrants represents a growing human rights challenge worldwide, despite detention only being permitted as a matter of international law where it is necessary, reasonable, and proportionate to the legitimate purpose to be achieved, and then only after less coercive alternatives have been found not to be suitable in each individual case.
In reality, asylum-seekers and migrants are at times subjected to arbitrary and/or unlawful detention. They may be detained without proper procedures or in conditions that do not meet minimum standards and are unsuited to their particular circumstances. While practices and conditions of detention vary widely between countries and even within countries at different detention facilities, an endemic problem in the immigration context is that detention can, whether intentionally or otherwise, have the effect of denying access to procedures that are critical for resolving the immigration status of the detainee, often with farreaching human rights consequences. In this connection, administrative and/or judicial review of different forms of immigration detention may not be available. In practice, many governments do not take proper or adequate account of the special or particular protection needs or the individual vulnerabilities of certain categories of immigration detainees.

Detention refers to the deprivation of an individual’s liberty, usually of an administrative character, for an alleged breach of the conditions of entry, stay or residence in  the receiving country.
Immigration detainees are in a position of vulnerability, being outside their countries of origin or nationality, and unfamiliar with the legal context, or even the applicable language. They may have taken long and traumatic journeys to reach the country, including in the case of refugees, having fled their countries of origin on account of persecution, serious human rights violations or conflict.
Finally, immigration detention is often characterized by little or no independent oversight, especially in border zones. In some countries, immigration detention has historically been one of the most opaque areas of public administration.




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