Missing Children Publication Hub

The publications in this section contain the results of our research as well as curated research on topics and issues relevant to missing children in Europe and the world. Example of the type of research you can find are understanding the causes of the different types of missing children cases in Europe, policy on missing children, search and rescue operations and family support. The menu and submenu options below will help you find what you're looking for.

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Missing Children Publication Hub

Parental Abduction

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Cross-border parental child abduction in the European Union (by Dr. Lukas HECKENDORN URSCHELER, Dr. Ilaria PRETELL)



Upon request by the European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), this study aims at analysing the international, European and national legal framework applicable to cross-border parental child abduction, with a view to proposing recommendations for the improvement of the current system. In light of available statistics and case law, five recurrent scenarios giving rise to child abduction legal disputes have been identified. One common scenario is the wrongful removal of a child, which results in the reversal of the balance previously settled in a judicial decision for the exercise of parental rights. A judicial “fast track” through the “automatic” enforcement of foreign decisions on return prescribed by EU Regulation 2201/2003 can be said to have improved the regime of the existing Hague Convention on Child Abduction. In turn, case law shows that when child abduction takes the form of an “illegal transfer of a child’s primary residence abroad” by the primary care-giver, national courts tend to explore more in-depth the “best interests of the child”. The development of appropriate structures of mediation in order to organise the transfer of a child’s residence abroad with one of the parents should prevent “abductions” and improve, in most cases, the relationship between the parents having joint responsibility for the child. In addition to a preventive mediation scheme, a remedial mediation scheme is proposed. If, despite the preventive and remedial mediation schemes, a request return is brought to court in complex situations, it is important to avoid contradictory decisions by the EU judges in the jurisdiction of the present and the former place of residence of the child and to allow careful analysis of the overall situation of the child. To this end, a “jointdecision” reached through the active cooperation of specialised national courts within the EU is proposed. This involves special judicial training – with language and intercultural skills – for international family disputes.



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    Article examines challenges in the treatment of child survivors of human trafficking. Integrating psychoanalytic theory with models of self-development from the cognitive developmental psychology literature, the paper offers a clinical case presentation of an 11-year-old survivor
  • Working with Trafficked Children and Young People: Complexities in Practice
    Working with Trafficked Children and Young People: Complexities in Practice by Pearce, J. J
    Argues for a review of children's services responses to trafficked children based on a literature search, focus groups, interviews and case studies. Highlights variations in practitioners understanding of trafficking, smuggling, internal trafficking.
  • What the Professionals Know: The Trafficking of Children Into, and Through, the UK for Sexual Purposes
    What the Professionals Know: The Trafficking of Children Into, and Through, the UK for Sexual Purposes by Carron Somerset
    Study to identify the facts on the the trafficking of children for sexual exploitation into and through the UK.
  • Missing Children and Adults: A Cross Government Strategy
    Missing Children and Adults: A Cross Government Strategy by Anon
    Providing the correct and suitable protection for every child and especially protecting those children at risk.
  • The educational integration of separated minors: a comparison of the situations in France and Quebec
    The educational integration of separated minors: a comparison of the situations in France and Quebec by Eva Lemaire
    It investigates the educational experiences of thirty-two separated children (unaccompanied minors seeking refuge) in two different regions: the Ile-de-France (Paris) region of France and the province of Quebec in Canada.
  • What YOU can do to protect children on the move
    What YOU can do to protect children on the move by Mike Dottridge
    Handbook to enable organisations to review how they prevent child trafficking and exploitation, and whether they ensure that the best interests of the child guide their activities
  • Improving & Monitoring Protection Systems Against Child Trafficking and Exploitation/ TRANSITIONAL ANALYSIS
    Improving & Monitoring Protection Systems Against Child Trafficking and Exploitation/ TRANSITIONAL ANALYSIS by Daja Wenke
    The IMPACT study notes that child rights violation also persists in Europe, despite the body of international, regional and national legal instruments adopted across the region to prohibit the practice and assist child victims
  • Protection of children and vulnerable adults: police disclosure of damaging allegations
    Protection of children and vulnerable adults: police disclosure of damaging allegations by Bennion, F. A
    Explores the nature and methods of abuse in child trafficking. It also explores the protection and treatment offered to these vulnerable children.
  • Vulnerable Children on the run: A European Challenge
    Vulnerable Children on the run: A European Challenge by Martin Houghton-Brown
    Summarizes a speech given by Martin Houghton-Brown given on the subject of children runaways.
  • Children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe
    Children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe by Jan Murk
    A discussion paper on the return of unaccompanied and separated children to institutional reception or family
  • SUMMIT REPORT: Best practices and key challenges on interagency cooperation to safeguard unaccompanied children from going missing
    SUMMIT REPORT: Best practices and key challenges on interagency cooperation to safeguard unaccompanied children from going missing by Federica Toscano, Karen Shalev Greene
    According to Europol, 10,000 unaccompanied migrant children have disappeared within hours of being registered and only a handful have been found since. The study calls for improved cooperation between law enforcement, social workers in shelters and reception centres, guardians, hotlines for missing children and other parties to better prevent and respond to the disappearance of unaccompanied children.
  • Missing Out: A study of child trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands
    Missing Out: A study of child trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands by Beddoe, C
    Interviews with social services, other agencies and voluntary sector organisations. Across the three regions there were 80 reported cases of known or suspected child victims of trafficking. 60% of these children have gone missing from social services care and have never been found.
  • Missing Persons A handbook of research
    Missing Persons A handbook of research by Karen Shalev Greene and Llian Alys
    This groundbreaking book brings together for the first time ideas and expertise across this vast subject area into one interconnected publication. It explores the subjects of missing children, missing adults, the investigative process of missing person cases, and the families of missing persons.
  • Best practice for launching a cross-border child abduction alert
    Best practice for launching a cross-border child abduction alert by Anon
    Describes and documents, based on experiences in several Member States, the key elements of a "child abduction alert" mechanism.
  • The cultural nature of missing
    The cultural nature of missing by Joe Apps
    The notions of trying to define 'missing' and 'missingness' are fascinating. Many people, who are reported to authorities as being missing by family and friends, do not consider themselves as missing persons; when found, they are surprised that they have been considered as 'missing'. Adults have rights to do as they please and also the right to be forgotten.
  • Figures and Trends 2015
    Figures and Trends 2015 by Missing Children Europe
    Every year Missing Children Europe collects data and statistics on missing children reported to hotlines for missing children active in all EU Member States and to the Cross Border Family mediator network.
  • The SIAMSECT files
    The SIAMSECT files by Vermuelen, G., Balcaen, A., Di Nicola, A., & Cauduro, A.
    Development of EU template and collection plan for statistical information and analysis on missing and sexually exploited children and trafficking in human beings in order to have reliable and comparable collection and analysis of indicators and other data, as well as enabling communication between EU, other EU bodies and third party organisations.
  • Facial identification of children
    Facial identification of children by Elidh Fergusan
    In situations where comparative material is present, for example, child pornographic material, or the captured sighting of a missing individual, the potential to use facial comparison techniques to aid identification is an appealing one.
  • NCIC Missing Person and Unidentified Person Statistics for 2011
    NCIC Missing Person and Unidentified Person Statistics for 2011 by FBI
    The National Crime Information Center’s (NCIC) Missing Person File was implemented in 1975. Records in the Missing Person File are retained indefinitely, until the individual is located, or the record is canceled by the entering agency.
  • Uprooted: THE GROWING CRISIS FOR REFUGEE AND MIGRANT CHILDREN
    Uprooted: THE GROWING CRISIS FOR REFUGEE AND MIGRANT CHILDREN by UNICEF
    Uprooted: The growing crisis for refugee and migrant children presents new data that paint a sad and sobering global picture of the lives and situations of millions of children and families affected by violent conflict and other crises that make it seem safer to risk everything on a perilous journey than to remain at home.
  • Traumatic Loss in Children and Adolescents
    Traumatic Loss in Children and Adolescents by Anthony P. Mannarino , Judith A. Cohen
    This article discusses the distinctive features of CTG, how it is different from normal bereavement, how this condition is assessed, and promising treatments for children who experience a traumatic loss.
  • Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union
    Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union by
    This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation. The research covers four specific areas, namely the type of guardianship systems in place, the profile of appointed guardians, the appointment procedures, and the tasks of the guardians.
  • Practical guidance on preventing and responding to unaccompanied children going missing
    Practical guidance on preventing and responding to unaccompanied children going missing by Federica Toscano, Delphine Moralis, Jan Murk, Rebecca O’Donnell
    This handbook aims to stimulate and disseminate practices on how to better cooperate in prevention, response and after care of missing unaccompanied children.
  • PREVENTION SYSTEM FOR CHILD ABDUCTION BY USING IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHM ON INTEL GALILEO BOARD
    PREVENTION SYSTEM FOR CHILD ABDUCTION BY USING IMAGE PROCESSING ALGORITHM ON INTEL GALILEO BOARD by NOOR HASNI BINTI ABD HADI, HARIYANTI BINTI MOHD SALEH & SALINA BINTI MOHD ASI
    This paper describes a real-time system based on image processing algorithms by using Active Appearance Model technique for alignment process. The motivation of this research is the need for reducing children abduction cases.
  • First Implementation report on protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust
    First Implementation report on protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust by Council of Europe
    The 1st monitoring round of the implementation of the Lanzarote Convention focuses on the protection of children against sexual abuse in the circle of trust. Two reports will cover this theme in the 26 States (those which were Parties to the Convention at the time the monitoring round was launched)
  • International Parental Child Abduction and Mediation
    International Parental Child Abduction and Mediation by Nuria González Martín
    The goal of this article is, first, to analyze the operation of the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction in the context of its Guide to Good Practice on Mediation to determine whether such guide will promote Mediation as a useful method for family conflict resolution in cases of international child abduction by one of the parents.
  • The meaning of online problematic situations for children - Results of qualitative cross-cultural investigation in nine European countries
    The meaning of online problematic situations for children - Results of qualitative cross-cultural investigation in nine European countries by Eds: David Smahel & Michelle F. Wright
    In this report, the findings of qualitative research from the EU Kids Online III study are presented. The research included children who used the internet weekly. The children were from nine European countries: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
  • Becoming Sweetie: a novel approach to stopping the global rise of Webcam Child Sex Tourism
    Becoming Sweetie: a novel approach to stopping the global rise of Webcam Child Sex Tourism by Anon
    Terre des Hommes Netherlands' four researchers identified 1,000 predators in 10 weeks. Call for all government agencies in charge of justice to identify and convict 100,000 predators committing the crime of WCST before the end of 2014
  • "Cut Off From Justice: The impact of excluding separated migrant children from legal aid by Dr Helen Connolly, Ilona Pinter
    In April 2013, the Government implemented changes to the legal aid system which means that separated or unaccompanied migrant children - those without a parent or guardian in this country - are no longer be able to get free support with their immigration cases. The report focus on the issue.
  • Undocumented Children in Europe: Invisible Victims of Immigration Restrictions
    Undocumented Children in Europe: Invisible Victims of Immigration Restrictions by Luca Bicocchi, Michele LeVoy
    This report focuses on the needs of undocumented migrant minors across nine different EU countries.
  • Children's rights must be a priority in the strategic guidelines
    Children's rights must be a priority in the strategic guidelines by Anon
    This submission's aim is to raise awareness among EU countries in Children disappearances especially those affected by migration. More support is needed by creating institutions that will help them.
  • National estimates of missing children: An overview
    National estimates of missing children: An overview by Sedlak, A. J., Finkelhor, D., Hammer, H., & Shultz, D. J.
    Report summarising findings from the Second National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children. National estimates of missing children based on surveys of households, juvenile residential facilities, and law enforcement agencies.
  • Business Case-Situation Report: Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children and Young People Project
    Business Case-Situation Report: Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children and Young People Project by Ian Jones
    Findings from the Gwent Multi-Agency Missing Children Workshops
  • The Amber Alert: Appropriate solution to preventing child abduction?
    The Amber Alert: Appropriate solution to preventing child abduction? by Zgoba, K.
    Outlines the history and activation process of the Amber Alert, as well as the challenges and advantages experienced by the agencies involved.
  • Position paper: Child tracking devices
    Position paper: Child tracking devices by Missing Children Europe
    A tracking device is an electronic security mechanism which allows monitoring the location of a person or an object. Over the past years, many tracking devices have been developed enabling adults to monitor and locate their children. This paper outlines Missing Children Europe's research and opinion on the issue of using child tracking devices.
  • Missing children facts and figures 2014
    Missing children facts and figures 2014 by Missing Children Europe
    An annual data collection exercise to collect data on the numbers, categories and trends of missing children in Europe based on calls and cases dealt with by 116 000 missing children hotlines across Europe. While effective and standardised data collection mechanisms are lacking in Europe, this annual review provides for one of the only reliable and updated sources of information on missing children for the past year.
  • Missing and abducted children: A law enforcement guide to case investigation and program management
    Missing and abducted children: A law enforcement guide to case investigation and program management by Eds: Preston Findlay, Robert G Lowery
    Guide to assist law enforcement in the search for missing children. Its two goals are to provide (1) Police Officers with a step by step info. On how to respond to and investigate missing child cases, and (2) Administrators with the programmatic framework to manage the missing-child response within their agency's jurisdiction
  • Investigating missing children cases: a guide for first responders and investigators
    Investigating missing children cases: a guide for first responders and investigators by Sprague, D. F.
    Provides a solid training guide on missing children investigative techniques, enabling law enforcement professionals to respond confidently with a plan of action that offers the best possible chance for a positive outcome.
  • The effectiveness of supermarket posters in helping to find missing children
    The effectiveness of supermarket posters in helping to find missing children by Lampinen, J. M., Arnal, J., & Hicks, J. L.
    The research addresses the question of how effective Supermarket Posters are in Helping to Find Missing Children
  • Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics
    Missing Children in the European Union Mapping, data collection and statistics by European Commission
    Collected and analysed data, and developed the basis to improve the mechanisms involved when children go missing in the 27 EU Member States.
  • In the Loop: young people talking about missing
    In the Loop: young people talking about missing by Families and Friends of Missing Persons Unit in collaboration with Emily, Izi, Lily and Max.
    This book is written by and for children and young people who live with having someone missing in their lives. That missing person might be a parent or grandparent, a brother or sister, an aunt, uncle or cousin.
  • Disappearing, departing, running away. A surfeit of children in Europe
    Disappearing, departing, running away. A surfeit of children in Europe by Anon
    Study carried out in Belgium, France, Spain and Switzerland on the disappearances of unaccompanied foreign minors placed in institutions. This publication seeks to contribute ways of improving the care of unaccompanied foreign minors arriving in European countries.
  • When the Search is Over: Reconnecting missing children and adults
    When the Search is Over: Reconnecting missing children and adults by Lucy Holmes
    This project explored the ways in which missing people reconnect to family, carers or a place of safety, and makes recommendations for improvements in the way reconnections are facilitated and supported.
  • Family Feedback Survey Report
    Family Feedback Survey Report by
    Missing People's annual Impact Report shows how we are meeting the needs of missing children, missing adults and their families across the UK.
  • Supporting those who are left behind A counselling framework to support  families of missing persons
    Supporting those who are left behind A counselling framework to support families of missing persons by Sarah wayland
    Each year in Australia, 35,000 people are reported missing to police. For every missing person’s case reported, at least 12 people are affected whether it is emotionally, psychologically, physically or financially. That means that a significantly large number of people will endure the trauma associated with the unresolved loss of a loved one.
  • Holding on to hope: A review of the literature exploring missing persons, hope and ambiguous loss
    Holding on to hope: A review of the literature exploring missing persons, hope and ambiguous loss by Sarah Waylanda, Myfanwy Maplea, Kathy McKaya & Geoffrey Glassocka
    This review explores hope for families of missing people.
  • What about me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister
    What about me? Coping with the abduction of a brother or sister by US Department of Justice
    This publication is the effort of those who have lived the nightmare of losing a sister or brother. Eight siblings joined with the Office of Justice Programs to write this guide.
  • Breaking the cycle: Collaborating and behaving differently to improve the outcomes and experiences of missing children
    Breaking the cycle: Collaborating and behaving differently to improve the outcomes and experiences of missing children by Kerry Wade
    The purpose of this paper is to explore how, by encouraging all key stakeholders to “play nicely and act maturely” to share responsibility, the author was able to improve outcomes for children reported missing to Gwent Police. The paper shows that sharing responsibility is a critical factor in such collaboration, requiring people and agencies to let go of power that usually interferes with a preparedness to avoid blame, a willingness to enjoy the rewards of success and together manage the risks.
  • Haunting Argentina: Synecdoche in the protests of mothers of the Plaza de Mayo
    Haunting Argentina: Synecdoche in the protests of mothers of the Plaza de Mayo by Karen A. Foss
    This essay analyzes the protests of the Mothers by means of the metaphor of haunting and suggest that their symbols‐diapers as kerchiefs, slogans and sayings, circling the plaza, and marches‐enact a haunting by means of synecdoche.
  • Once missing - Never forgotten?
    Once missing - Never forgotten? by Mette Drivsholm, Delphine Moralis, Dr. Karen Shalev-Greene, Dr. Penny Woolnough
    To date, few attempts have been made to evaluate the effectiveness of publicity campaigns, all of which were carried out in the USA. While scarce, the research tends to reveal disappointing results and suggest that publicity appeals don’t necessarily positively impact the investigation or search. The dissemination of images of missing children furthermore raises potential issues regarding the impact that it may have on the protection of the child’s privacy and overall wellbeing. Others however argue that appeals can help to gather vital information from the public and safeguard children at risk, with Child Alert systems in particular having been credited for safeguarding missing children (OJJPD, 2016). These views call for further research to ensure the effectiveness of publicity appeals in their potential of saving lives, while limiting the negative impact for missing children and their families.
  • Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research
    Family Factors and Runaway Missing Children: A Review of Theories and Research by Ravi Shankar B. G., Ravindra D.Gadkar
    This paper reviews the research that has investigated the relationship between family factors and runaway incidence of Children. It also examines the prominent theories to understand runaway phenomena. It aims to assist practitioners and policy makers who work with children and families to make evidence informed decisions
  • Running the Risks: The links between gang involvement and young people going missing
    Running the Risks: The links between gang involvement and young people going missing by Rachel Sturrock and Lucy Holmes
    The UK Missing Persons Bureau estimates that as many as 160,000 children and young people are reported missing every year. Research from the Children’s Society over the past decade has shed some light on this issue and the recent spotlight on CSE has pushed the issue of children and young people going missing up the political agenda. However, the link between gang involvement and going missing from home is still very much unknown, with no specific research or national data collected indicating how many are affected.
  • Ambiguous Loss and Its Effects on Children: Implications and Interventions for School Counselors
    Ambiguous Loss and Its Effects on Children: Implications and Interventions for School Counselors by K Guidry, C. Simpson, T Test, C Bloomfield
    The purpose of this article is to define and describe the concept of grief and how it may explain challenging behaviors with students. Additionally, this definition will be expanded by introducing the definition of ambiguous grief.
  • Whose child now? Fifteen years of working to prevent the sexual exploitation of children in the UK
    Whose child now? Fifteen years of working to prevent the sexual exploitation of children in the UK by Stacey, L.
    Report exploring the continuing hidden nature of the problem of sexually exploited children and describes what Barnardo's is doing today, while suggesting what action still remains to be taken to further protect exploited children and young people.
  • Understanding Child Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Micro and Macro Level Analysis
    Understanding Child Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Micro and Macro Level Analysis by Azhar Abu-Ali, Mona Al-Bahar
    Tackles social aspects of child trafficking including the phenomenon of the feminization of trafficking, and the psychological consequences experienced by the child survivor.
  • Sexual Exploitation:
    Sexual Exploitation: "Internal Trafficking" of Children and Young People at risk in the North East and Cumbria by Cavener, J
    Study exploring the internal trafficking of children and young people for the purpose of sexual exploitation across the North East and Cumbria.
  • The value of crime scripting: deconstructing internal child sex trafficking
    The value of crime scripting: deconstructing internal child sex trafficking by Brayley, H., Cockbain, E., & Laycock, G
    Explores how Crime Scripting can benefit crime investigations. This method has recently been used for investigations regarding child sex trafficking.
  • Still Hidden
    Still Hidden by Nicola Sharp
    The article underlines and explores the possible link between children that go missing and child sexual exploitation.
  • Meeting the Needs of Sexually Exploited Young People in London
    Meeting the Needs of Sexually Exploited Young People in London by Harper, Z, & Scott, S
    A research report based on interviews with social services on the issue of child trafficking, in the UK.
  • Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases
    Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases by Craig J. R. Collie, Karen Shalev Greene
    he Routine Activity Theory construct of capable guardianship is used to examine the features of 78 cases of stranger child abduction, using an outcome-based approach to establishing the effectiveness of various potential sources of guardianship in preventing abduction attempts from becoming completed, and to test widely held and taught beliefs on this subject.
  • Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
    Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse by Susanna Greijer and Jaap Doek
    Communication is of critical importance in our efforts to respect, protect and implement the rights of the child. In order to make this communication with and between children, parents, governmental officials, professionals and volunteers working with or for children as effective as possible, we need to use terms and concepts that all these actors understand and consider respectful.
  • Heading back to harm A study on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK
    Heading back to harm A study on trafficked and unaccompanied children going missing from care in the UK by Andrea Simon, Chloe Setter,Lucy Holmes
    This research attempts to quantify the number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and children who may be trafficked in the UK care system, as well as the number who go missing from care.
  • The link between: Trafficked children and missing
    The link between: Trafficked children and missing by
    Every year approximately 250,000 people are reported missing to the police and other agencies across the UK. About two thirds of these reports will be children under 18 (Home Office: 2010), and a proportion of will have been victims of trafficking.
  • A survey on the transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on combating sexual absue and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography
    A survey on the transposition of Directive 2011/93/EU on combating sexual absue and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography by Missing Children Europe, ECPAT, eNasco
    The main objective of the project was to compare the choice of ‘methods and strategies’ developed by Member States in order to achieve the binding results defined by the Directive and to assess them based on the best interests of the child.
  • Children on the Move, Family Tracing and Needs Assessment - Guidelines for Better Cooperation between Professionals Dealing With Unaccompanied Foreign Children in Europe - relatorio da IJJO
    Children on the Move, Family Tracing and Needs Assessment - Guidelines for Better Cooperation between Professionals Dealing With Unaccompanied Foreign Children in Europe - relatorio da IJJO by Anon
    The report suggests some practical steps to favour the creation of a more connected network of practitioners and associations, to foster cooperation in practice as well as on a more strategic level.
  • Sans Papiers- The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants
    Sans Papiers- The Social and Economic Lives of Young Undocumented Migrants by Alice Bloch, Nando Sigona, Roger Zetter
    Sans Papiers combines a contemporary account of the theoretical and policy debates with an in-depth exploration of the lived experiences of undocumented migrants in the UK from Zimbabwe, China, Brazil, Ukraine and Turkish Kurdistan.
  • UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’
    UNICEF releases report “children’s rights in return policy and practice in Europe’’ by UNICEF
    UNICEF has concerns about the situation and the protection of unaccompanied and separated children who may be returned to their country of origin. One of the main recommendations of the report is that return policies should be made child proof and in line with children's rights.
  • Hidden in Plain Sight: A statistical analysis of violence against children
    Hidden in Plain Sight: A statistical analysis of violence against children by UNICEF
    The report sheds light on the prevalence of different forms of violence against children, with global figures and data from 190 countries. Where relevant, data are disaggregated by age and sex, to provide insights into risk and protective factors.
  • Ambiguous Loss in a Non-Western Context: Families of the Disappeared in Postconflict Nepal
    Ambiguous Loss in a Non-Western Context: Families of the Disappeared in Postconflict Nepal by Simon Robins
    Ambiguous loss is explored in a different cultural context through a study of the families of persons disappeared during Nepal's decade-long Maoist insurgency.
  • Thematic focus: Family tracing and family reunification
    Thematic focus: Family tracing and family reunification by Fundamental Rights Agency
    This section looks at the fundamental rights implications of the following practices in more detail: Recent legislative changes Family tracing Family reunification Dublin requests
  • An Uncertain Hope:  Missing People’s overview of the theory, research and learning about how it feels for families when a loved one goes missing
    An Uncertain Hope: Missing People’s overview of the theory, research and learning about how it feels for families when a loved one goes missing by Missing People
    This guidance provides an overview of the currently available research, policy, knowledge and understanding about what it is really like to cope when someone you love is missing.
  • “It’s the hope that hurts” Best practice in counselling models relevant to families and friends of missing persons
    “It’s the hope that hurts” Best practice in counselling models relevant to families and friends of missing persons by Hunter Institute of Mental Health
    In early June of 2001 the families and friends of Missing persons unit operating within the NSW attorney General’s department out of the victims of Crime Bureau contracted the hunter institute of Mental health to investigate and report on best practice model/s relevant to families and friends of missing persons.
  • The Kosovo Family Support Project: Offering Psychosocial Support for Families with Missing Persons
    The Kosovo Family Support Project: Offering Psychosocial Support for Families with Missing Persons by Mary Ellen Keough, Margaret F. Samuels
    This article presents a case that illustrates the vital role that social workers and other mental health and public health workers provided to support families following the 1999 conflict between Serb forces and Kosovar Albanians in Kosovo.
  • Living in Limbo: The experiences of, and impacts on, the families of missing people
    Living in Limbo: The experiences of, and impacts on, the families of missing people by Lucy Holmes
    This small scale, exploratory study aimed to provide a rich and deep account of the ways in which a disappearance can affect a missing person’s family members.
  • Missing siblings: seeking more adequate social responses
    Missing siblings: seeking more adequate social responses by Julie Clark, Jeni Warburton, Cheryl Tilse
    This paper links knowledge of siblings, loss and grief to an understanding of this phenomenon. It presents the methodology and findings of an exploratory, qualitive study into the expériences of nine adult siblings of long-term missing people in Australia and presents the themes drawn from their account.
  • Ambiguous loss: a complicated type of grief when loved ones disappear
    Ambiguous loss: a complicated type of grief when loved ones disappear by Pauline Boss, Janet R Yeats
    Ambiguous loss is an unclear loss that continues without resolution or closure. The authors present six guidelines about meaning, mastery, identity, ambivalence, attachment, and hope.
  • Loss, Trauma and Resilience : Therapeutic Work with Ambiguous Loss
    Loss, Trauma and Resilience : Therapeutic Work with Ambiguous Loss by Pauline Boss
    Pauline Boss, the principal theorist of the concept of ambiguous loss, guides clinicians in the task of building resilience in clients who face the trauma of loss without resolution. Boss describes a concrete therapeutic approach that is at once directive and open to the complex contexts in which people find meaning and discover hope in the face of ambiguous losses
  • Missing persons in Australia
    Missing persons in Australia by Marianne James, Jessica Anderson and Judy Putt
    This paper identifies key priorities for further development to improve practices related to reducing the incidence of missing persons and the provision of services.
  • Families living with absence: Searching for missing people
    Families living with absence: Searching for missing people by Hester Parr and Olivia Stevenson
    The report raises many relevant issues for working with families of missing people, but also highlights the need for families to have time and space to remember.
  • The Missing Link in Resilience Research
    The Missing Link in Resilience Research by Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel
    This article is a most comprehensive and important review of resilience research which presents an intellectual challenge to every scholar in this field.
  • Lessons from Australia: Developing a new counselling service for families when someone is missing
    Lessons from Australia: Developing a new counselling service for families when someone is missing by Helen Morell
    This report describes Helen's trip and the lessons she learned.
  • The Trauma and Complicated Grief of Ambiguous Loss
    The Trauma and Complicated Grief of Ambiguous Loss by Pauline Boss
    Ambiguous loss is a newly identified type of loss that occurs when a loved one is physically present, but psychologically absent. Dementia is just one example.
  • What to do when a child goes missing
    What to do when a child goes missing by Gwyther Rees
    This guide gives some simple advice on what steps to take when a child goes missing, based on our experience and the views of the young people involved.
  • Unresolved Loss: Issues in Working with Adults Whose Siblings were Kidnapped Years Ago
    Unresolved Loss: Issues in Working with Adults Whose Siblings were Kidnapped Years Ago by Geoffrey Greif, Duane T. Bowers
    This article describes the common issues raised by five adults (18-60 years old) whose siblings were kidnapped during their childhood or in early adulthood.
  • Communication, Liminality, and Hope: The September 11th Missing Person Posters
    Communication, Liminality, and Hope: The September 11th Missing Person Posters by Kevin T. Jones, Kenneth S. Zagacki, Todd V. Lewis
    In this paper, we argue that the posters represent a powerful response to a traumatic and in some ways unprecedented situation (September 11, 2001), a response that transformed the death of loved ones from a reality or future certainty into a probability made possible by the searchers' desire, emotions, or imagination.



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