Better support, better protection: Steps lawyers and guardians can take to better identify and protect trafficked children
This report provides a snapshot of the manner in which children who may have been trafficked into and within five EU states were or were not identified and protected in and up to 2016.
The link between: Trafficked children and missing
Every year approximately 250,000 people are reported missing to the police and other agencies across the UK. About two thirds of these reports will be children under 18 (Home Office: 2010), and a proportion of will have been victims of trafficking.
Study on high-risk groups for trafficking in human beings
Alessandra Cancedda (Ecorys), Barbara De Micheli (Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini), Dafina Dimitrova (Ecorys) and Brigitte Slot (Ecorys)
his study is a deliverable of the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012-2016, which recognised that vulnerable groups, such as children, are at greater risk of human trafficking.
Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union
This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation. The research covers four specific areas, namely the type of guardianship systems in place, the profile of appointed guardians, the appointment procedures, and the tasks of the guardians.
Re/integration of trafficked persons. Working with trafficked children and youth
This paper was developed in the context of the Trafficking Victims Re/integration Programme (TVRP), which funds NGO’s in several countries of Southeastern Europe. It is the fifth of a series that aim to shed light on good practices in the area of re/integration as well as on important lessons learned.
Trafficked children and 'missing'
An exploration of research linking missing and trafficked children co-written by Missing People and ECPAT UK
FAQs on child traffiking
ECPAT UK published a new booklet to empower practitioners, campaigners, students and the general public to ensure the needs of trafficked children are considered at every level of UK society.
A Critique on the influence of the “New Abolitionist Movement” upon the Child Trafficking discourse
Echoing Kipling’s sentiment in “The White Man’s Burden” the movement has effectively established an unchallenged dominance over debates with regards to human trafficking, which begs the questions why and who benefits from this influence?
Guidance for professionals working with children who may have been trafficked
Guidance on how professionals should act when in contact with young children that been trafficked.
Lost kids, lost futures. The European Union's response to Child Trafficking
Mirjam Van Reisen, Ana Stefanovic
Paper looking at how the European Union (EU) has chosen to respond to this challenge and assesses critically the legal, policy and implementation framework put in place to fight child trafficking.
Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system
Rowena Fong, Jodi Berger Cardoso
An overall analysis and overview of child trafficking in the USA.
Guardianship for Children Deprived of Parental Care
Handbook designed to help standardise guardianship practice, ensuring also that it is better equipped to deal with the specific needs of child victims of trafficking.
Kids as Commodities? Child trafficking and what to do about it
Report focusing on what NGOs can do, with the intention of showing them what techniques there are agreement on, and what need further discussion.
A handbook on planning projects to prevent child trafficking
A handbook aimed at strengthening the protection of children and addressing the needs of children victim of child trafficking.
Identifying child victims of trafficking. Towards solutions and resolutions
Elzbieta M. Gozdziak
Tackles the challenges of identifying trafficked children and offers recommandations in order to advance toward solutions and resolutions.
Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011)
Review of TDH campaign including evaluations, publications and views of TDH staff. Campaign against child trafficking and improvements in methods and programmes to reduce child trafficking and improve protection of children who had been trafficked.
Understanding Child Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Micro and Macro Level Analysis
Azhar Abu-Ali, Mona Al-Bahar
Tackles social aspects of child trafficking including the phenomenon of the feminization of trafficking, and the psychological consequences experienced by the child survivor.
Haunted: Treatment of a Child Survivor of Human Trafficking
Article examines challenges in the treatment of child survivors of human trafficking. Integrating psychoanalytic theory with models of self-development from the cognitive developmental psychology literature, the paper offers a clinical case presentation of an 11-year-old survivor
"Exploring Internal Child Sex Trafficking Networks Using Social Network Analysis"
Eleanor Cockbain, Helen Brayley, Gloria Laycock
A study using social network analysis to explore internal trafficking of children intended for sexual exploitation.
Moving children? Child trafficking, child migration, and child rights
Julia O'Connell Davidson
An article aiming to update the reader with the latest information regarding the latest trends, themes and patterns in child trafficking.
Rumours of Child Trafficking after Natural Disasters
Article reviewing how rumours of child trafficking have surfaced quickly after every major natural disaster since the Asian tsunami (although usually proved false or exaggerated).
Global Child Trafficking
Review of global child trafficking, severity, causes, documentation, what can be done and prevention from the perspective of the USA
The SIAMSECT files
Vermuelen, G., Balcaen, A., Di Nicola, A., & Cauduro, A.
Development of EU template and collection plan for statistical information and analysis on missing and sexually exploited children and trafficking in human beings in order to have reliable and comparable collection and analysis of indicators and other data, as well as enabling communication between EU, other EU bodies and third party organisations.
Meeting the Needs of Sexually Exploited Young People in London
Harper, Z, & Scott, S
A research report based on interviews with social services on the issue of child trafficking, in the UK.
Protection of children and vulnerable adults: police disclosure of damaging allegations
Bennion, F. A
Explores the nature and methods of abuse in child trafficking. It also explores the protection and treatment offered to these vulnerable children.
Kids abroad: ignore them, abuse them or protect them?
Focuses on the experience of young people who leave home or travel abroad to seek work or a better life and also on children who are sent away from home by their parents. It explores initiatives that reduce the likelihood that such children will be subjected to exploitation.
Precious Children in a Heartless World? The Complexities of Child Trafficking in Marseille
Brenda Carina Oude Breuil
Examines how implicit notions in the concepts of "children" and "home" influence the study of child trafficking.
Falling Through the Gaps: Safeguarding Children Trafficked into the UK
Overview of child trafficking in the UK. Highlights the shortcomings and inconsistent standards of local authorities, the lack of specialist protection and the uncertainty of a trafficked child's immigration status, combining to make these children vulnerable to further harm and at risk from the influence of their traffickers.
Missing Out: A study of child trafficking in the North-West, North-East and West Midlands
Interviews with social services, other agencies and voluntary sector organisations. Across the three regions there were 80 reported cases of known or suspected child victims of trafficking. 60% of these children have gone missing from social services care and have never been found.
The Tragedy and Horror of Human Trafficking of Children and Youth.
Betz, C. L
The extent to which children and youth are trafficked is difficult to estimate because these victims are hidden, silenced and forced to endure continued abuse creating fear and submissiveness. The estimates of children who are trafficking victims range from 600,000 to over 2 million.
The Presentation of Child Trafficking in the UK: An Old and New Moral Panic?
Cree, V. E, Clapton G and Smith M
Explores the ways in which the highly emotive subject of child trafficking is presented in the UK. Examining the way the issue has been tackled at two moments in time: the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 21st century.
Trafficking of Children in Albania: Patterns of Recruitment and Reintegration
Eglantina Gjermeni, Mary P.Van Hook, Saemira Gjipali, Lindita Xhillari, Fatjon Lungu, Anila Hazizi
Study to identify the patterns of child trafficking involving Albanian children, and especially children's views of the role of family issues and the nature of the trafficking experience.